Atlantic Research Group on Economics of Immigration, Aging and Diversity

Research and Papers Library


Quebec’s Universal Childcare Policy: Immigrant Women’s Labour Supply & Childcare (July, 2016)

by Habiba Khalifa

The 1997 Quebec childcare policy is the first and only universal childcare program to be introduced in Canada. By using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth from Statistics Canada, this paper analyzes the effects of this policy on immigrant women’s labour supply and their childcare usage over the course of 8 different cycles: 1994-1995, 1996-1997, 1998-1999, 2000-2001, 2002-2003, 2004-20005, 2006-2007 and 2008-2009. A double difference-in-difference method is used to estimate the effects. The results show an increase in immigrant women’s labour force participation, affecting the lower educated mothers more than the higher educated ones. In the case of childcare usage, whilst the results show an overall increase in usage, the increase is largely for informal childcare. This research adds to the existing literature, as it is the first to analyze the effects of the policy on immigrants in particular; the assumption that immigrants behave in the same way as non-immigrants is not fully supported by the findings. This paper opens up a new line of inquiry regarding the impacts of the 1997 Quebec childcare policy. 


“Homeownership rates among visible minority immigrants.” Paper presented by Ather H. Akbari (co-authored by Azad Haider) at the 50th Canadian Economics Association meeting (Ottawa, Ontario). Home ownership: Research Paper Akbari & Haider

“Financial vulnerability across Canadian provinces: Age, human capital and family background.” Authored by Maryam Dilmaghani. Dilmaghani - Financial Vulnerability Across Canadian Provinces

Presentation slides:

Express Entry presentation: IRCC (English)

Express Entry presentation: IRCC (French)

Express Entry presentation NS

Homeownership rates among visible minority immigrants. CEA Presentation: Akbari & Haider


Wenjing Bi | Working in Self-Employment: The Case of Chinese Men in Canada Masters research report, Graduate Academic Unit of Economics, University of New Brunswick (Academic supervisor: Dr. Ted McDonald).

Who Are Recent Immigrants‌: Based on a research conducted by ARGEIAD members Howard Ramos (Dalhousie University) and Nabiha Atallah (ISANS) along with Yoko Yoshida (Dalhousie University), Madine VanderPlaat (Saint Mary’s University) and Gerry Mills (ISANS). A more complete previous report written by Ather H. Akbari can be found here.

Infographics with the report: Immigrants Do Well In Nova Scotia
ISANS Report 2015: Family Sponsored Spouses

The Warmth of the Welcome: Review by Dr. M VanderPlaat (a Word document will download when you click the link. If you do not see it, please check your Downloads folder). The Warmth of the Welcome: Is Atlantic Canada a Home Away From Home for Immigrants? Edited by Evangelia Tastsoglou, Alexandra Dobrowolsky, and Barbara Cottrell (Cape Breton University Press).
Reviewed by Madine VanderPlaat, Professor of Sociology, Gender and Women’s Studies, Saint Mary’s University.

Dilmaghani & Dean: Religious Diversity & Labour Market Attainment in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia - 1911-2011

AIR Symposium Presentation, May 2014 - Temporary Migrants in Atlantic Canada: Some trends and issues. Presented by Ather Akbari at the Atlantic Immigration Research Symposium at Saint Mary's University. 

Report prepared for the Nova Scotia Office of Immigration, based on a research project that analyzed the socioeconomic and demographic profiles of immigrants in Nova Scotia.

Innovation, Technology and the Human Touch
New products for successful integration

Role of Government Policy in Immigrant Settlement and Integration
‌Presentation by Dr. Ather Akbari at 16th National Metropolis Conference, Gatineau Quebec, March 2014

Best Practices for the Integration of International Students in Atlantic Canada
A Study of the Policies and Practices Surrounding the Settlement of International Students in the Atlantic Provinces

Immigration Policy in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States
An Overview of Recent Trends

Dreaming Big, Coming Up Short
The Challenging Realities of International Students and Graduates in Atlantic Canada

Human Resource Deficit in Atlantic Canada
A Challenge for Regional Economic Development