Preparing for Law Programs

Courses related to Law

Students planning to enter the legal profession traditionally completed a Bachelor of Arts degree.  All Arts programs provide students with skills vital to achievement at law school, and, eventually, becoming a successful legal professional.  These include skills in analysis and problem-solving, critical reading, writing, oral communication, general research, and task organization and management.

 While law faculties accept students who have completed degrees in many different disciplines, law students can benefit from acquiring knowledge in some or all of the following areas during their undergraduate degree: a broad understanding of history; a fundamental understanding of political thought and of the contemporary political system; an appreciation of the role of legal institutions; an understanding of human behavior and social interaction; and an understanding of diverse cultures, institutions, and social and policy issues both within Canada and internationally. 

 Below is a sample of courses offered by the Faculty of Arts that can develop these skills and areas of knowledge.  Please note that this list is not comprehensive as courses as frequently added and subtracted from the undergraduate calendar.




  • ANTH 2282 Introduction to Forensic Anthropology
  • ANTH 3701 Forensic Archaeology Field School

This course is an introduction to the multidisciplinary nature of forensic anthropology. It explores the myths and realities of the search for human remains in crime scenes, what should be expected from a forensic anthropology expert in the courtroom, some of the challenges in mass fatality incident responses, and what a student should consider if they want to pursue a career in forensic anthropology.


This course is an introduction to forensic archaeology. It will teach students field recovery techniques of surface and buried remains as well as the protocol associated with crime scenes and exhibit documentation. Topics that will be covered include: introduction to forensic archaeology and anthropology (including roles of various law enforcement officials), crime scene safety and ethics, crime scene and exhibit documentation (scene photography, note taking, chain of custody of exhibits), establishing scene perimeters, searching for clandestine burials and human remains, forensic taphonomy, gridding scenes, mapping scenes, excavation techniques, soil analysis, and scene restoration.




  • CLAS 3352 Women and Family in Ancient Greece [WMST 3352]
  • CLAS 3411 Great Trials of Ancient Athens

Students study the ancient Greek oikos (family, household) and the daily activities, roles and legal position of women, children and other dependents in the ancient Greek households (ca. 800-31 BCE). The focus will be on women of different social classes and family life in ancient Greece, with some comparative consideration of the lives of women in other regions of the ancient world (Italy, Mesopotamia, the Levant and Egypt.


Students study Athenian democracy, law, life in 5th-4th century BC Athens through speeches (in translation) from a selection of cases (e.g. homicide, impiety, sexual misconduct and slander) in combination with other documentary evidence, iconography and archaeological remains. Topics include: aspects of the legal and political systems, Athenian social life and the core Athenian.




  • CRIM / SOCI 2010 Principles of Social Theory
  • CRIM / SOCI 2100 Social Research Methods

This course introduces students to the basic theoretical frameworks and tools through which we seek to understand key variables and patterns in social life. The course will examine the key frameworks through which sociologists and criminologists analyze issues of social justice, crime, identity, power, social inequality, culture, technology etc.


This course introduces students to basic social research methods by examining positivist, interpretivist, and critical research strategies, different forms of research design, and a range of methods of evidence collection. While the course is intended as a general introduction to the language of social research methods, it will emphasize that choice of methods is closely related to theory and the nature of particular research questions. Students will assess and critique Sociological and Criminological scholarly research.


  • CRIM / SOCI 2124 Social Inequality and Justice
  • CRIM 2303 Introduction to Criminology

Students will examine major structures of social inequality and how these structures intersect in the lives of individuals and groups. Patterns in opportunity, disadvantage, regulation, and access to justice emerge from those structures.


This course introduces students to contemporary issues, problems and themes pertinent to the field of Criminology in Canada.


  • CRIM 2304 Canadian Criminal Justice System
  • CRIM / SOCI 3010 Classical Theory

This course examines the process of the criminal justice system in Canada. The roles, powers, and discretion of the police, the courts, and the correctional system are examined.


This course introduces students to the major themes of classical Sociological and Criminological theory. Students will examine key debates from the 18th and 19th century which have influenced contemporary Sociological and Criminological Theory.


  • CRIM 3011 Contemporary Criminological Theory
  • CRIM 3205 Restorative Justice in Theory

This course introduces students to the major themes of contemporary criminological theory including the influence of class, gender, race, media and politics in the definition, explanation, and regulation of crime and criminal behaviour.


Restorative justice defines crime as a violation of social or interpersonal relationships, rather than a violation of an official rule or regulation. Students examine how restorative justice offers a wholesale shift in thinking about wrongdoing challenging the common belief that justice is best achieved through punishment and retribution.


  • CRIM / SOCI 3505 Prisons and Punishment
  • CRIM / SOCI 3506 Gender, Race and Justice

Drawing upon literature from the sociology of punishment, this course situates Western penal regimes within historically-specific economic, socio-political, and cultural frameworks. The emergence and re-emergence of a broad range of practices for punishing and regulating ‘problem populations’ will be a central theme for the course.


The course examines the effects of the intersection of gender and race on the administration of justice. Students will look into how issues relating to gender and race play out in the criminal justice system at various levels including police, courts and corrections.


  • CRIM / SOCI 3507 Policing and Society
  • CRIM / SOCI 3508 Corporate Crime

In this course students will explore issues related to the policing of modern societies. Topics will include the exercise of police powers and discretion, police misconduct, and policing in a multicultural society.


Students in this course will examine and analyze the nature, scope and impact of corporate crime, the principal organizational, social, political, and economic factors in the definition and commission of such crimes, and the ways in which governments and legal systems respond to the problems.


  • CRIM / SOCI 3509 Victims and Criminal Justice
  • CRIM / SOCI 3510 Criminal Law

In criminal justice systems, the role of the victim has expanded considerably. It is not clear if these developments have resulted in better treatment of victims or more justice in broader ways. To explore these issues students will learn about the historic roots of “victimology”, and critical theoretical perspectives on the social construction of victims and their needs and rights.


This course is designed to familiarize students with Canadian criminal law. The course will focus on topics such as the history, nature and functions of criminal law, its elements and role in a democratic society, exemptions from criminal responsibility, its principles and procedures, and its administration and enforcement.


  • CRIM / SOCI 3511 Youth Crime and Moral Panics
  • CRIM / SOCI 3512 Youth Justice Philosophy, Models and Systems

This course takes a historical/comparative approach to the study of youth crime in Canada. It examines changing definitions and perceptions of youth crime, contemporary crime patterns, correlates and their explanations. The course emphasizes a critical approach to understanding youth crime statistics and their changes over the last 100 years. The overall objective of the course is to develop in students a critical appreciation of moral panics about youth crime.


This course takes a historical/comparative approach to the study of youth justice in Canada. It examines social responses to youth crime and how philosophies and systems have changed over the last 100 years. The course focuses on legislative change from the creation of the juvenile justice system under the Juvenile Delinquents Act to its reform with the Young Offenders Act, Youth Criminal Justice Act and the introduction of reformative justice principles. The overall objective of the course is to develop in students a critical understanding of youth governance and justice.


  • CRIM / SOCI 3518 State, Crime, and Power in Developing Countries
  • CRIM / SOCI 3519 Terrorism: Perspective and Policy

This course is an interdisciplinary exercise designed for students in Criminology, International Development Studies, Political Science, and Sociology. Students will: (a) learn about the colonial origins of crime in Latin America; (b) be introduced to the basics of Latin American criminological thinking such as Liberation Criminology; (c) explore the various dimensions of criminal activity (street, organized, state and corporate) in developing countries; and (d) study the detrimental effects of crime, corruption and abuse of power on the societies of the South.


This course is a comprehensive examination of how terrorism movements have comparatively developed. This includes an analysis of methods, typical motivations, and outcomes. Academic studies on terrorism and counter-terrorism are contrasted with responses to terrorism.


  • CRIM / SOCI 3526 Organized Crime
  • CRIM / SOCI 3546 Crime and the Media

This course provides an introduction to the subject of organized crime and its control in North America. The course applies sociological, criminological, and economic theory to understand the rise and proliferation of criminal organizations and organized crime activities. It also explores dominant organized crime genres, activities, and recent trends. The course also explores strategies and laws to combat organized crime.


This course focuses on the depiction of crime in various media of mass communication. Areas of study include corporate crime, violent crime, gangs, organized crime and terrorism. This course also examines how gender, race and class are related to the way crime is depicted in the mass media.


  • CRIM / SOCI 3610 Practicum in Social Development
  • CRIM 4205 Restorative Justice Practicum

Students explore factors that put children and youth at risk of future criminal and anti-social behavior. Students gain practical experience by tutoring youths from a high risk environment. In- class and online lectures provide a theoretical framework and training.


Students receive training in the practice of restorative justice by a local agency. Students participate in restorative justice sessions or work on a practical project leading to the development of restorative justice programs in the province. The course is a service learning course and students will be reflecting on their experiences of restorative justice based on the theory of the practice.


  • CRIM / SOCI 4210 Forced Migration and Refugees
  • CRIM / SOCI / WMST 4220 Power, Equity and Global Issues

This course will critically examine the key determinants, processes, and consequences of internal displacement and forced migration across borders through the analysis of case studies from around the world. Topics in the course will include, selectively, contemporary refugee issues, gender violence in conflict zones, resettlement, repatriation, refugees and development, asylum-seekers, and the Canadian and UN refugee protection systems and various international conventions.


This course is designed to examine power, equity, and global issues through a critical anti-racist lens. A critical anti-racist discursive framework/praxis demands unequivocal democratic citizenship rights, qualitative social justice, and respect for human rights and freedoms promised by the International Human Rights Laws and Conventions. It addresses questions such as: What is power? Is it the domination of individuals, socio-racial groupings, geographical locations, and societies at large? How does power manifest itself in a global context?


  • CRIM 4303 Canadian Penal Policy, Practices, and Research
  • CRIM 4404 Critical Criminology

Through critical socio-legal inquiry, this course examines the effects of progressive and oppressive practices characterizing the administration of contemporary Canadian prisons. Progressive initiatives may include prisoners’ rights, the rule of law, the Gladue decision, and harm reduction initiatives. Repressive control strategies may include risk management discourse and treatment regimes, Dangerous Offender designations, Aboriginal and gender-specific programmes, involuntary transfers, and solitary confinement.


Critical criminology challenges the dominant paradigms of crime-control, adopting instead a social justice approach to crime. Students will explore central themes of critical criminology including power; the social construction of crime; governance and regulation; the politicization of crime control; and, the significance of gender, race and class.


  • CRIM / SOCI 4420 Genocide
  • CRIM / SOCI 4421 War as Crime

Genocide as a sociological and criminological phenomenon prevalent through history is examined. Different types of genocide are identified, as well as the many challenges in responding to it.


The 20th century has seen two world wars and numerous other conflicts. The so-called ‘Cold War’ turned hot in many parts of the developing world and cost the lives of tens of millions and maimed countless others. With the new millennium, novel forms of warfare and military technologies have been introduced which again largely victimize the societies of the ‘Global South’. Students will analyze the criminal dimensions and true costs of military conflict.


  • CRIM / SOCI / WMST 4432 Gender and Law
  • CRIM / SOCI 4512 Issues in Juvenile Justice

Students will examine how the social construction of femininity and masculinity intersect with other forms of identity and power to shape law. The course will include investigation of the creation, interpretation and enforcement of law.


This course explores contemporary issues associated with the concept, philosophy and practice of juvenile justice. Students will examine children and youth as theoretical constructs in the context of the discourse surrounding children’s rights and governance of the young. The course aims to develop students’ critical understanding of the politics and philosophy of youth justice in postmodern society.


  • CRIM / SOCI 4515 Drugs and Power in Latin America
  • CRIM / SOCI 4525 Crime Prevention: Theory and Practice

Students in this course will become familiar with the complexity of Latin American Organized Crime. We will examine the historical and cultural dimensions of the drug trade, the evolution and role of specific criminal groups, as well as the drug war in the Americas.


This course introduces students to the field of crime prevention, which can be defined as "the anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk and the initiative of some action to remove it." Topics include situational, social developmental, and community-based approaches to crime prevention as well as community policing, problem-oriented policing, and restorative justice. The course also teaches students how to plan and implement a crime prevention project and the final assignment is the development of a crime prevention plan for a real community.


  • CRIM / SOCI 4543 Law in Society
  • CRIM 4848 / SOCI 4848 Immigration Law and Policy Practicum

Students will explore the social issues and power relations inherent in the creation, enforcement, and reform of law.


This is a service-learning (practicum) course on immigration law and policy, combining learning in a classroom setting with student service in a community-based organization dealing with immigrants and refugees. Analytical work takes place through class discussions, research and reflection on the service experience. The course provides a basic understanding of legal texts and a critical sociological perspective in their interpretation and application through the experiences of selected ethnic groups, new immigrants and refugee claimants. The historical evolution of policies and policy discourses is also addressed. Special attention is paid to immigration and refugee issues in Atlantic Canada.




  • ECON 3307 Money and Banking
  • ENGL 2301 Nineteenth Century Crime and Detective Fiction

Money and the payments system, development of banking in Canada, financial instruments, theory of banks’ intermediation, chartered banks structure, operation and competition, governments and Canadian financial markets.




This course considers the development of fiction of crime, mystery, and detection during the nineteenth century, a period in which this genre flourished.  Authors to be studied include Mary Elizabeth Braddon, Wilkie Collins, Arthur Conan Doyle, Charles Dickens, Henry James, E. A. Poe, and R. L. Stevenson.  Attention may also be given to relevant social developments, such as the rise of the police force, advances in criminology and detection, the typology and psychology of the criminal, the “lady detective,” whitecollar crime and criminal networks, and the Victorian Underworld.


  • ENGL 2302 Twentieth Century Crime and Detective Fiction
  • HIST 2401 Canadian Political History

A study of major 20th Century stories of crime, mystery, and detection. Authors may include Agatha Christie, Raymond Chandler, Dashiell Hammett, and Sue Grafton.



This course is an analysis of the development of Canadian politics and public policy from confederation to the Chretien years.  While the main focus is federal politics, developments at the provincial level will be analyzed through a number of case studies. Public policy initiatives including social welfare programs, bilingualism and multiculturalism will also be analyzed.


  • HIST 3301 Crime and Punishment in England Before 1800
  • HIST 3303 Law and Society in Britain 1500-1800

This course is a survey of the history of crime and punishment in England in an age before professional police forces and standing armies. Students trace the evolution of criminal courts, the role of juries and the shift from physical punishments to imprisonment and transportation. Other topics include medieval ordeals, dueling, riots and popular protest.


The law was an essential constituent of pre-modern English society, shaping everything from inter personal relations to the nature of government. Students examine the institutions and culture of law from the end of the medieval period to the dawn of the modern age, excluding crime and criminal law. Topics include law courts and litigation, church law and the policing of morality, community justice, law and literature, defamation, censorship and state formation.


  • HIST 3352 Race and Racism in the United States
  • HIST 4200 Women’s Rights in Britain 1500-1925

The racial roots of US history are traced in order to explore the importance of struggles for racial justice as well as changes and continuities in forms of racial oppression.


The rights and obligations of women in a society are often central to their status, economic power and life experience. Students examine changes in women’s legal rights, entitlements and duties in England and (to a lesser extent) Wales and Scotland over the course of more than four centuries. Topics include property rights, inheritance practices, domestic violence, the gap between legal theory and social practice, the differing experiences of single, married and widowed women, female citizenship and nationality, and women suffrage.


  • HIST 4401 Crime in Canada
  • PHIL 1200 Critical Thinking

In this examination of Canadian criminal justice history, subjects include: the changing definition of crime as understood by local communities and the state, law enforcement, the trial process, punishment, moral regulation and the role of gender, race, and ethnicity in shaping the development and operation of the justice system.




This course is an introduction to essential principles of reasoning and critical thinking. It is designed to develop students’ abilities to evaluate various forms of reasoning, to examine critically beliefs, conventions and theories, and to develop sound arguments. Emphasis will be given to decision-making and arguments in ordinary language, particularly those addressed to issues of public concern and moral debate.


  • PHIL 1244 Human Freedom
  • PHIL 1248 Killing and Letting Die

The traditional problems of free will and political freedom and different concepts and conceptions of freedom and liberation are considered. In addition, there will be an examination of some contemporary thought on freedom and liberation.


When, if ever, is it morally permissible to kill another human being, or yourself? What is morally problematic about killing? Is killing morally worse than letting die? Are we morally obligated to prevent as many deaths as we can? This course explores these questions and others through a discussion of classical and contemporary philosophical readings.


  • PHIL 2302 Ethics
  • PHIL 2303 Right and Wrong

An introduction to moral philosophy designed to lead the student to examine the foundations of their moral positions. To this end historical and contemporary answers by philosophers to questions such as the following will be examined: What ought I to do morally and ultimately why I ought to do it? Are ethical positions simply relative: (a) to a person? (b) to a society? What is the relation between science and morality? Why be moral?


Students examine theories of right and wrong. Some of the questions students will discuss include: do the ends justify the means? Is right and wrong relative to a culture? Can we justify a particular set of moral rules? Is deception always morally wrong? When, if ever, is killing morally permissible?


  • PHIL 2304 Evil
  • PHIL 2305 Environmental Ethics

This course is about the nature and significance of evil events, actions, characters, and institutions. Topics include historical accounts of evil, suffering, skepticism about evil, evil and mental illness, terrorism, torture, and genocide.


The nature of the ecological crisis will be examined. Philosophical responses to it will be presented which will involve analysis of the concepts of animal rights, of the intrinsic value of nature, and of obligations to future generations. A portion of the course will be spent on the application of the theoretical concepts to specific ecological issues including population and world hunger, pollution, and the sustainable society. Part of the objective of the applied section will be to raise issues of public policy within a philosophical framework.


  • PHIL 2311 Political Philosophy: The Classic Texts
  • PHIL 2312 Contemporary Political Philosophy

A critical examination of core works in the history of political philosophy. Philosophers discussed often include Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Mill, Rousseau, Marx, and Nietzsche.


This course introduces students to the major schools of contemporary political thought, such as utilitarianism, liberal egalitarianism, libertarianism, Marxism, communitarianism, and feminism. Among the issues addressed are the justification for state power, the role of human nature in determining political arrangements, democracy and the rights of minorities, the tension between liberty and equality, and the just distribution of resources.


  • PHIL 2332 Ethics and the Law
  • PHIL 2333 Philosophy of Law

This course will be concerned with topics such as punishment, the legislation of morality, the notion of mitigating circumstances, and the role of the victim in legal proceedings.


Topics covered often include natural Law Theory, legal positivism, the separability thesis, relations between law and morality, legal interpretation, the economic analysis of the law, and legal skepticism.


  • PHIL 2368 Bioethics
  • PHIL 4525 International Justice

Medical technology has created moral issues that cannot be settled simply on the basis of medical facts. Both the medical profession and society as a whole must make value decisions before life and death issues such as abortion, euthanasia, and treatment of the insane can be settled. This course is intended to help the student reach reasoned conclusions on these issues through clarification and appraisal of arguments.


This course will consider how major theories of justice such as Kantian constructivism, economic contractarianism, and utilitarianism deal with important issues in international justice such as the law of peoples, distributive justice, human rights, and democratization.




  • POLI 1201 Politics: Contemporary Issues
  • POLI 1230 Law and Politics

This course explores the multi-faceted nature of contemporary politics, and, in so doing, introduces students to various aspects of the Political Science discipline. The aim of the course is to convey how ideas, frameworks, institutions and actors relate to current political debates and ongoing democratic challenges, both locally and globally. Through a critical examination of significant political theories and practices students will develop a broad and general understanding of the nature, scope and range of political action in the contemporary world.


An examination of the practical and theoretical connections between law and politics. The course will concentrate on contemporary public law issues and constitutional reform in liberal-democracies.


  • POLI 2304 Canadian Politics in the 21st Century
  • POLI 2307 Provincial Government and Politics

This course introduces students to the institutions, ideas and identities which structure and shape Canadian governance in the 21st century. Political features and forces are outlined, grounded historically and considered in light of current developments. Shifting political as well as economic, social and cultural climates are examined. Throughout, fundamental representational and democratic challenges are evaluated.


An analysis of the dynamics and structure of selected provincial government in Canada. Provincial political parties, voting behaviour, legislatures, bureaucracies and policy formulation constitute the core of this course. Inter-provincial and federal-provincial relations are examined.


  • POLI 2335 History of Political Thought
  • POLI 2380 Comparative Politics

A survey of significant developments in Western political thought from the classical period of Athens to the 20th century through a focus on major Western political theorists. Key thinkers may include Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, Wollstonecraft, Marx, Goldman and Nietzsche.


This course is designed as an introduction to the field of Comparative Politics, which will emphasize the comparative analysis of both political institutions and political processes.


  • POLI 3205 Politics and Sex
  • POLI 3245 Public Policy I

This course introduces students to the interconnections between gender and sexual practices, including an examination of prostitution and international sex trafficking. It will examine such matters as morality, liberation, and exploitation, drawing from multiple understandings of female sexuality.


Students examines the theories of public policy analysis by addressing key concepts, problem definition, policy instruments and design, and policy implementation within the context of modern governance.


  • POLI 3246 Public Policy II
  • POLI 3302 Democratic Theory and Cosmopolitanism

This course is a critical analysis of selected public policies, associated policy communities and networks, and their impacts upon society. A case study approach is used to examine selected public policies, apply theories and models of public policy analysis, and contextualize them in terms of political, economic and social forces.


An examination of such fundamental concepts in democratic theory as ‘rights’, ‘equality’, ‘liberty’, ‘reciprocity’, ‘deliberation’, and ‘cosmopolitanism’ from the modern era to the present. Special emphasis is placed on the shift of both theoretical and practical focus: from questions of the equality of citizens in a nation-state to those of human diversity and difference in a cosmopolitan, global arena.


  • POLI 3330 Public Administration
  • POLI 3418 International Law

A study of the structure and operation of the administrative branch of government, both in theory and practice. Included will be an examination of the evolution of the Canadian federal public administration and public service, with some attention for comparative purposes to related experiences in other nations. The administrative responsibilities and powers of the modern state will be assessed and a sampling of recent organizational theories will be undertaken.


A study of the features of public international law as they have developed and have been invoked in diplomatic practice, international law adjudication, and national courts.


  • POLI 3419 Comparative Constitutional Law
  • POLI 3462 Political Ideas of the Enlightenment

A comparative analysis of constitutional systems, this course focuses upon the theory and exercise of judicial review, in the context of Canadian, American, European, or other constitutions. It combines lectures, readings, and the case method.


A critical examination of the political ideas and theories that grew out of the modern European Enlightenment. Special attention is paid to Immanuel Kant’s understanding of the nature, role and effects of “public reason” and to his assessment of the conditions necessary for international cooperation and peace. Other thinkers to be discussed may include John Locke, the Baron of Montesquieu, David Hume, G.W.F. Hegel, Harriet Taylor and John Stuart Mill.


  • POLI 4317 Charter Politics and Constitutional Change
  • POLI 4402 Model United Nations

A comparative examination of selected sources and authorities respecting fundamental law in democratic countries. The course will provide students of constitutional law with a theoretical basis for the analysis of constitutions and relevant judicial decisions.


The objective of this course is to foster a greater understanding of the United Nations (UN) and its role within world politics. The course will revolve around the possible participation in a Model UN Conference either within Canada or abroad. Students will be given an opportunity to gain in-depth knowledge of the UN’s activities and procedures. Students will be required to engage in activities outside of the classroom. The pedagogical base of this course is experiential learning.


  • POLI / WMST 4449 Public Policy Challenges: Gender, Race and Class
  • POLI 4480: Human Rights, Modern Perplexities

This course examines a number of contemporary public policy debates and dilemmas in light of gender, race and class dynamics. The aim is to gain a better appreciation of the complexity of approaches to, and experiences of, various policy areas. The course begins by unpacking the nature and effects of the state and state policies and then moves to explore a range of economic, social, political and legal policy concerns.


Students examine the historical and philosophical context in which human rights emerged as a modern political concept. Students consider the evolution of human rights from early modern natural law theory, through the French Revolution of 1789, to the aftermath of 20th century totalitarianism, focusing in particular on the intersections between nature, politics, philosophy and the law.


  • POLI 4481 Human Rights, Contemporary Paradoxes
  • PYCH 3320 Psychology and Law

Students examine recent debates in critical political and legal theory, particularly regarding the issue of international interventions and humanitarian aid.




A review of empirical studies of pre-sentence legal procedures, including the reliability of eyewitness testimony, the role of experts in the courts, jury selection, and subject apprehension and interview.


  • PYCH 3338 Introduction to Forensic Psychology
  • PYCH 4443 Advanced Psychology and Law

A review of psychological methods, research and theory that is applied to legal system tasks; an introduction to forensic assessment, and treatment in a legal context


A closer examination of the research on several topics in the area of psychology and law that may include eyewitness testimony, children in the courts, police selection and procedures, workplace harassment and discrimination, jury decision-making, and alternative dispute resolution.




  • RELS 3374 Islam in North America since 9/11
  • RELS 3312 Theologies of Liberation

This course is a multifaceted look at issues of gender, law, and identity in North American Islam since September 11th 2001. This event and a subsequent culture of securitization marks a fundamental shift in the way that Islam is represented, and we will explore how Muslims in North America construct their identities and practice their religion.


How has the life and teaching of Jesus made justice the central issue in Christianity today? What is liberation theology in the third world? Is capitalism opposed to the teaching of Jesus? What is Jesus’ teaching about the poor, the oppressed, human rights and violent revolution?


  • RELS 3354 Aboriginal Peoples, Religion, and the Justice System

This course will focus on the elements of religious and spiritual systems that are relevant in relations between aboriginal people and the Canadian criminal justice system. It will examine the historical and political context, key religious and ethical concepts and practices of aboriginal peoples, and the movement to employ Native spirituality in shaping responses.



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