Environmental Science

Environmental Science (ENVS)

The Department of Environmental Science offers a rigorous interdisciplinary program based on core sciences and includes courses in management, social sciences and the humanities. This program can lead to a Bachelor of Science degree with a major, honours or minor in Environmental Science under the Faculty of Science.

Students may pursue a double major in Environmental Science and another science subject, as outlined in Section 7 of the Faculty of Science pages in this Calendar. They may also pursue a double honours in Environmental Science and another science subject, as outlined in Section 12d of the Faculty of Science pages in this Calendar.

Students may combine a minor in Environmental Science with a major in another discipline as part of a Bachelor of Science, Arts or Commerce.


For details on the Bachelor of Environmental Studies (BES) degree requirements in the Faculty of Arts, please refer to the BES section in the Academic Calendar.

The Environmental Science program provides students with the necessary academic preparation to understand environmental and resource-oriented issues and to develop creative and effective solutions to environmental issues and challenges.

Bachelor of Science in Environmental Science

Students have the options to declare a major, double major, dual degree, honours, double honours, minor and/or co-op. Students may pursue a cooperative education option. See the Cooperatives Education Office for details.

Graduates of the honours program may be qualified for admission to graduate programs in Environmental Science or related subjects, see the Graduate Academic Calendar for details.

Major in Environmental Science - Requirements

Environmental Science is an interdisciplinary program, based on core courses in environmental science and including courses from departments in the Faculty of Science, as well as those in Arts and Commerce. The following requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Science with Major in Environmental Science including those requirements listed in the Faculty of Science pages in this Academic Calendar.

  • Sixty-nine (69) credit hours in the Major subject area courses. Students must achieve a minimum grade point average (GPA) of 2.20 in this group of courses used to satisfy 6 (d), the Major subject requirement:
    • ENVS 1200 Environmental Challenges
    • ENVS 1250 Physical Processes in the Environment This requirement can also be satisfied by taking either PHYS 1000 and PHYS 1001, or PHYS 1210 and PHYS 1211.
    • ENVS 2300 Populations and Ecosystems
    • ENVS 2310 Energy, Resources and Pollution
    • GEOG 3326 Statistical Methods in Geography or BIOL 3308 Biostatistics or MATH 1216 Introduction to Mathematical Statistics
    • ENVS 4499 Environmental Seminar
    • Twelve (12) credit hours in Group A courses
    • Twelve (12) credit hours in Group B courses
    • Twelve (12) credit hours in Group C courses*, including at least three (3) credits of Field Course ENVS 3310 - 3315
    • An additional twelve (12) credit hours in Group C courses* at the 4000-level
  • Eighteen (18) credit hours in non-ENVS science courses
  • Six (6) credit hours in MATH and /or CSCI at the 1210 level or above
  • Twelve (12) credit hours in Arts and/or Economics:
  • Three (3) credit hours in English:
  • Three (3) credit hours in Humanities
  • Nine (9) credit hours of electives

*NOTE:
Students may count up to a maximum of nine (9) credit hours in Field Courses toward their Group C requirements for a major or honours B.Sc. in Environmental Science.

Students should consult the Faculty of Science Program Requirement Tables available online for the complete list of program requirements, recommended Science Electives, and a suggested sequence of courses for years 1 and 2. Students should consult with a Program Advisor or a Science Advisor to chart their courses, and to determine the best sequence of courses for years 3 and 4.

Group A – Courses
Environment Science Courses:
ENVS 1200 Environmental Challenges
ENVS 1250 Physical Processes in the Environment
ENVS 2100 Green Chemistry
ENVS 2300 Environmental Science: Populations & Ecosystems
ENVS 2310 Environmental Science: Energy, Resources & Pollution
ENVS 2410 Energy and the Environment
ENVS 3340 Principles of Hydrogeology
ENVS 3410 Environmental Impact Assessment
ENVS 3420 Environmental Monitoring and Auditing
ENVS 3430 Environmental Information Management
ENVS 3440 The Environment and Human Health
ENVS 3450 Aquatic Environments
ENVS 3460 Indigenous Experience and Environmental Impact
ENVS 4440 Environmental Policy
ENVS 4450 Natural Resource Management
ENVS 4460 4460 Environmental Pattern Analysis [GEOG 4444]
ENVS 4470 Environmental Remediation and Restoration
ENVS 4480 Environmental Contaminants
ENVS 4490 Climate Change: Evidence and Uncertainty


Group B - Courses
Environment Related Courses in Economics, Social Sciences, and Humanities:
ANTH 4306 Foraging Adaptation
ECON 3362 Natural Resource Economics
ECON 3363 Environmental Economics
ENGL 2318 The Writer and Nature
ENVS 3410 Environmental Impact Assessment
ENVS 3430 Environmental Information Management
ENVS 3440 The Environment and Human Health
ENVS 3460 Indigenous Experience and Environmental ImpactENVS 4440 Environmental Policy
ENVS 4450 Natural Resource Management
GEOG 1100 Global Perspectives on Land & Life
GEOG 2315 The Oceans
GEOG 3304 Environmental Management
GEOG 3329 Geographic Perspectives on Nature
GEOG 3454 Bay of Fundy: Environment and Issues
GEOG 4434 Watershed Management
HIST 2201 Environmental History of Europe, 1300-1900
IDST 4470 Environment and Development
MGMT 3480 Ethical Responsibilities of Organizations
PHIL 2305 Environmental Ethics
POLI 2304 Canadian Politics in the 21st Century
POLI 2305 International Relations
POLI 2307 Provincial Government and Politics
POLI 3321 International Organization
POLI 3322 Global Political Economy
POLI 4493 Global Social Movements
PSYC 4418 Environmental Psychology
RELS 2347 Ecology and Religion
RELS 3348 Ecological Crisis: Religious Perspectives
SOCI 3391 Rural Sociology

Background/Techniques Courses:
COMM 2293 Communication
COMM 3394 Oral Communication and Presentation Techniques
ECON 1202 Principles of Economics: Macro
ECON 3364 Cost Benefit Analysis
GSCI 1300 Introduction to Science Communication
GSCI 3300 Advanced Science Communication
MGMT 3392 Occupational Health & Safety
PHIL 2302 Ethics
PHIL 2318 Science and Society
PHIL 3448 Philosophy of Science
PSYC 1250 Social Behaviour
PSYC 3309 Human Factors and Performance
PSYC 4497 Community Psychology
RELS 3349 Science & Religion
SOCI 3387 Women & Development [WMST 3387]
Any language courses, up to six (6) credit hours.

Group C - Courses
Environment Related Courses in the Natural Sciences:
BIOL 2324 Ecology
BIOL 2303 Plant Biology
BIOL 2304 Animal Biology
BIOL 3002 Entomology
BIOL 3332 Ecosystems
BIOL 3398 Microbiology
BIOL 3421 Plants and People
BIOL 4003 Molecular Ecology
BIOL 4404 Behavioural Ecology
BIOL 4410 Plant Ecology
BIOL 4422 Conservation Biology
BIOL 4424 Diversity & Ecology of Fishes
BIOL 4430 Ornithology
BIOL 4431 Herpetology
BIOL 4433 Ecotoxicology
BIOL 4448 Biology Field Course
BIOL 4451 Ecology in the Tropics
CHEM 2332 Introductory Analytical Chemistry: Wet Methods
CHEM 2333 Introductory Analytical Chemistry: Instrumental Methods
CHEM 2344 Organic Chemistry I
CHEM 2345 Organic Chemistry II (note that CHEM 2344 and CHEM 2345 are recommended for CHEM/ENVS double majors)
CHEM 2346 Organic Chemistry for Life Sciences
CHEM 3473 Environmental Chemistry
CHEM 3451 Introductory Biochemistry
CHEM 4452 Biochemistry: Intermediary Metabolism
ENVS 2100 Green Chemistry [CHEM 2100]
ENVS 3310-3315 Field Course in Environmental Science
ENVS 3340 Principles of Hydrogeology
ENVS 3410 Environmental Impact Assessment
ENVS 3420 Environmental Monitoring and Auditing
ENVS 3430 Environmental Information Management
ENVS 3876-99 Directed Study in Environmental Science
ENVS 4430 Directed Research
ENVS 4450 Natural Resource Management
ENVS 4460 Environmental Pattern Analysis [GEOG 4444]
ENVS 4470 Environmental Remediation and Restoration
ENVS 4480 Environmental Contaminants
ENVS 4490 Climate Change: Evidence and Uncertainty
ENVS 4876-99 Directed Study in Environmental Science
GEOG 2313 Geomorphology
GEOG 2333 Biogeography
GEOG 2343 Weather and Climate
GEOG 3356 Remote Sensing of the Environment
GEOG 3386 Concepts of Geographical Information Systems Analysis
GEOG 4413 Coastal Geomorphology [GEOL 4476]
GEOG 4423 Glaciers and Glaciation [GEOL 4475]
GEOG 4443 Natural Hazards
GEOG 4496 Applications in Geomatics
GEOL 1206 Global Change
GEOL 2301 Mineralogy
GEOL 2325 Sedimentology [GEOG 2325]
GEOL 3340 Principles of Hydrogeology
GEOL 3453 Principles of Geochemistry
GEOL 3454 Applied Geochemistry
PHYS 1000 Physics for Life Sciences I (credit is not offered for PHYS 1000 and PHYS 1001 if given for ENVS 1250)
PHYS 1001 Physics for Life Sciences II (credit is not offered for PHYS 1000 and PHYS 1001 if given for ENVS 1250)
PHYS 1210 University Physics I
PHYS 1211 University Physics II

Honours or Double Honours in Environmental Science – Requirements:
The following requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Science with Honours (or double honours with other subject) include those requirements listed in the Faculty of Science pages in this Calendar.

  • Fulfilment of the requirements for a major in Environmental Science, as outlined above;
  • Completion of ENVS 4599 Honours Research project, which counts as six (6) credit hours towards the required twelve (12) credit hours in Group C courses at the 4000-level; Students must secure a supervisor for their Honours Research project (ENVS 4599) before applying to the Honours Program.
  • Completion of at least one (1) Field Course, ENVS 3310-3315, which counts towards the required twelve (12) credit-hours in Group C courses,
  • A minimum DGPA of 3.00.

Minor in Environmental Science - Requirements
Students may combine a minor in Environmental Science with a major in another discipline as part of a Bachelor of Science, Arts or Commerce degree.

The specific Thirty (30) credit hours required to satisfy 9 (b) for a minor in Environmental Science are listed below, for which a minimum GPA of 2.20 is also required:

  • Eighteen (18) credit hours required:
    • ENVS 1200 Environmental Challenges
    • ENVS 1250 Physical Processes in the Environment
    • ENVS 2300 Environmental Science: Populations and Ecosystems
    • ENVS 2310 Environmental Science: Energy, Resources and Pollution
    • BIOL 1201 Molecular and Cell Biology OR BIOL 1202 Organismal and Ecological Biology
    • CHEM 1210 General Chemistry I
  • Nine (9) credit hours from:
    Group B or Group C ENVS Courses
  • Three (3) credit hour from: ENVS courses not already counted in meeting the above requirements. Note: ENVS 4499 (6 credit hours) can be taken with permission of the Department.

NOTE:
For details on the Bachelor of Environmental Studies (BES) degree requirements in the Faculty of Arts, please refer to the BES section of this Calendar.