Sonja Novkovic

Full Professor
Sobey School of Business
Economics

Faculty Member Information

Education

Ph.D., Economics, McGill University, 1993
M.A., Economics, University of Guelph, 1988
B.A., Economics, University of Novi Sad, 1984

Academic Work Experience

2006 - Present, Professor, Department of Economics, Saint Mary’s University
2003 - 2008, Adjunct Professor, Dalhousie University
1998 - 2006, Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Saint Mary’s University
1993 - 1998, Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Saint Mary’s University
1990 - 1993, Lecturer, McGill University
1989 - 1991, Teaching Assistant, McGill University
1988 - 1989, Lecturer, University of Guelph
1987 - 1988, Teaching Assistant and Research Assistant, University of Guelph

Scholarly Contributions

Book Reviews

Novkovic Sonja. (1999)"Review of The Economic Theory of Socialism by Bruno Jossa and Gaetano Cuomo", The Economic Theory of Socialism, Feminist Economics 3:5 , 154-159
Novkovic Sonja. (1999)"Review of the Producer Cooperatives and Labor-Managed Systems David Prychitko and Jaroslav Vanek", Producer Co-operatives and Labor-Managed Systems , Feminist Economics 3:5, 154-159
Novkovic Sonja. (1998)"Review of the Privatization Surprises in Transition Economies: Employee Ownership in Central and Eastern Europe, edited by MilicaUvalic and Daniel Vaughan-Whitehead", Privatization Surprises in Transition Economies: Employee Ownership in Central and Eastern Europe, Economic Analysis: Journal of Enterprise and Participation 2:1, 69
Novkovic Sonja. (1997)"Review of the Adaptive Learning by Genetic Algorithms by Herbert Dawid", Adaptive Learning by Genetic Algorithms , Journal of Economics 3:65, 315-317

Book

Eum H, Novkovic Sonja, Roelands B, Walterri H. "Co-operatives and the world of work" (Spring - 2018)
Novkovic Sonja, Veltmeyer Henry. "Cooperativism and Local Development in Cuba: An agenda for Democratic Transformation. " (Fall - 2017)
Brown Leslie, Carini Chiara, Gordon Nembhard Jessica, Hammond Ketilson Lou, Hicks Elizabeth, McNamara John, Novkovic Sonja, Rixon Daphne, Simmons Richard. "Co-operatives for Sustainable Communities: Tools to Measure Co-operative Impact and Performance" (Spring - 2015)
Novkovic Sonja, Webb Tom. "Co-operatives in a Post-Growth Era" (Spring - 2014)
Bateman Milford, Novkovic Sonja. "2014 Review of International Co-operation" (Spring - 2014)
Gijselinckx Caroline, Zhao Li, Novkovic Sonja. "Cooperative Innovations in China and the West" (Spring - 2014)
Novkovic Sonja. "2013 Review of International Co-operation" (Spring - 2013)
Novkovic Sonja, Brown Leslie. "Atlantic Canada’s Social Economy: Communities, Economies, and Solidarity" (Spring - 2012)
Novkovic Sonja, Sena Vania. "Advances in the Economics of Participatory and Labour Managed Firms. Cooperative Firms in Global Markets: Incidence, Viability and Economic Performance" (Spring - 2007)

Book Chapters

Novkovic Sonja. (2018). "Multi stakeholder co-operatives as a means for jobs creation and social transformation ", Cooperatives and the world of work
Novkovic Sonja. (2017). "The Role of Cooperatives in Cuba’s Transforming Economy "
Novkovic Sonja. (2017). "Conclusion ", Cooperativism and Local Development in Cuba: An agenda for Democratic Transformation
Novkovic Sonja, Bateman Milford. (2016). "Muhammad Yunus’s model of social business – a new more humane form of capitalism, or a failed ‘next big idea’? ", Seduced and Betrayed: Exposing the Contemporary Microfinance Phenomenon. M. Bateman and K. Maclean (eds.), 103-123
Novkovic Sonja, Miner Karen. (2015). "Co-operative Governance Fit to Build Resilience in the Face of Complexity"
Novkovic Sonja. (2014). "Co-operative Networks and Organizational Innovation", Cooperative Innovations in China and the West, 47-63
Smith Stephen, Novkovic Sonja. (2012). "Assessing performance for change in a non-profit organization", Atlantic Canada’s Social Economy: Communities, Economies, and Solidarity, 176-186
Hough Peter, Novkovic Sonja. (2012). "Measuring participation in worker co-operatives", Atlantic Canada’s Social Economy: Communities, Economies, and Solidarity, 159-175
Stocki Ryszard, Prokopowicz Piotr, Novkovic Sonja. (2012). "Assessing participation in worker co-operatives: From theory to practice", The Co-operative model in practice, 119-133
Novkovic Sonja. (2012). "The balancing act: Reconciling the economic and social goals of co-operatives", The Amazing Power of Cooperatives, 289-300
Carruthers Wendy, Crowell Erbin, Novkovic Sonja. (2009). "Are Co-operative Principles a Guidance or Hindrance for Globalization of Co-operative Firms?", Cooperating in a Global Economy: Challenges to be Faced, Lessons to be Learned, 85-110

Journal Articles

Novkovic Sonja, Gordon-Nembhart Jessica. "The social impact of cooperatives. ", The cooperative business journal, (Fall - 2017), 12-22.
Novkovic Sonja, Golja Tea. "Co-operatives and the Civil society: Potential for local co-operative development in Croatia", Journal of Economic and Organizational Diversity 4:1 (Spring - 2015), 153-169
Golja Tea, Novkovic Sonja. "Determinants of Cooperative Development in Croatia", Cooperatives' Power to Innovate: Texts Selected from the International Call for Papers. Lévis: International Summit of Cooperatives (Spring - 2014), 15-26
Novkovic Sonja. "Reflections on the International Symposium of Co-operative Governance", Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management 1:2 (Spring - 2013), 93-95
Novkovic Sonja, Holm Wendy. "Co-operative networks as a source of organizational innovation", International Journal of Cooperative Management 6:1.1 (Spring - 2012), 51-60
Novkovic Sonja, Prokopowicz Piotr, Stocki Ryszard. "Staying true to co-operative identity: Diagnosing worker co-operatives for adherence to their values", Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory and Labour-managed Firms 13 (Spring - 2012), 23-50
Maddocks John, Novkovic Sonja, Smith Stephen. "Measuring Performance for Accountability of a Small Social Economy Organization: The Case of an Independent School", Canadian Journal of Non-profit and Social Economy Research 2:1 (Spring - 2011), 45-60
Novkovic S. "Defining the co-operative difference", Journal of Socio-Economics 37 (Spring - 2008), 2168–2177
Novkovic S. "R&D, Innovation and Networking: Strategies for cooperative survival", Advances in the Economics of Participatory and Labour Managed Firms 10 (Spring - 2007), 205-233
Novkovic S. "Co-operative business: The role of co-operative principles and values", Journal of Co-operative Studies 39:1 (Spring - 2006), 15-16
Novkovic S., Power N.. "Agricultural and Rural Co-operative Viability: A Management Strategy Based on Co-operative Principles and Values", Journal of Rural Cooperation 33:1 (Spring - 2005), 67-78
Novkovic S.. "Turning Goals Into Results: The Power of Co-operative Principles-A Reflection on Jim Collins’s Catalytic Mechanism", International Journal of Co-operative Management 1:2 (Spring - 2004), 56-60
Novkovic S., Sverko D.. "A Genetic Algorithm With Self-Generated Random Parameters", Journal of Computing and Information Technology 11:4 (Spring - 2003), 271-283
Novkovic S.. "Transition From Self-Management to Employee Ownership in Croatia: A Survey", Economic Research 12:1-2 (Spring - 1999), 57-68
Novkovic S.. "A Genetic Algorithm Simulation of a Transition Economy: An Application to Insider-Privatization in Croatia", Computational Economics 11:3 (Spring - 1998), 221-243
Novkovic S., Sverko D.. "Minimal Deceptive Problem Revisited: The Role of Genetic Waste", Computers and Operations Research 25 :11 (Spring - 1998), 895-911
Novkovic S.. "The New Law on Privatization: Is a Twenty-Year Payment Plan a Good Idea?", Ekonomija– Economics 3:2 (Spring - 1996), 301-30
Novkovic S.. "Theory of the Labour-Managed Firm: The Long Run", Economic Analysis and Workers' Management 26 :1 (Spring - 1992), 69-83
Novkovic S.. "A Theory of the Yugoslav Labour-Managed Firm", Economic Analysis and Workers' Management 26:4 (Spring - 1992), 349-359

Presentation

Novkovic Sonja. "Keynote Address", International Cooperative Alliance Conference Latin America (Fall - 2014)
Novkovic Sonja. "Keynote Speaker", Credit Union Central of Alberta (Spring - 2013)
Novkovic Sonja. "How to manage co-operative difference in a socialist economy: Cuba’s decentralization of decision-making", Managing the Co-operative Difference (Winter - 2012)
Novkovic Sonja. "Co-operative ‘degeneration’ and what to do about it: A dual motives approach", International Cooperative Alliance - Canadian Association for Studies in Co-operation - Association of Cooperative Educators' Joint Conference (Spring - 2012)
Novkovic Sonja. "Keynote a\Address: The Value of Measurement", International Cooperative Alliance Measuring the co-operative difference Symposium (Fall - 2011)
Novkovic Sonja, Stocki Ryszard. "Co-op Index for worker co-operatives: A normative benchmark", International Co-operative Alliance Research Conference (Summer - 2011)
Novkovic Sonja. "Panel presentation Longevity of co-operatives", Association for Nonprofit and Social Economy Research Conference (Spring - 2011)
Novkovic Sonja, Holm Wendy. "Co-operative networks as a source of organizational innovation", Canadian Association for Studies in Cooperation Conference (Spring - 2011)
Novkovic Sonja, Stocki R, Prokopowicz P. "Participation in co-operative firms: Theory, measures and impacts ", The Atlantic Schools of Business Conference (Fall - 2010)
Novkovic Sonja. "Keynote Speaker ", Credit Union Central of Alberta (Spring - 2010)
Novkovic Sonja, Hough P, Stocki Ryszard. "Co-op Index for worker co-operatives ", International Co‑operative Alliance Research Conference (Fall - 2009)
Novkovic Sonja, Hough P. "Panel Presentation ", Association for Nonprofit and Social Economy Research (Spring - 2009)
Novkovic Sonja. "Economic theory rationale for policy initiative: Co-operative firms in the presence of externalities", The Master of Management - Co-operatives and Credit Unions Symposium Legislation and Public Policy (Spring - 2009)
Novkovic Sonja. "Co-operatives in economic theory", Canadian Association for Studies in Cooperation Conference (Spring - 2009)
Novkovic Sonja, Webb T. "A diagnostic tool for management of co-operative firms ", Canadian Association for Studies in Cooperation (Spring - 2008)
Novkovic Sonja, Maddocks J, Smith S. "Evaluating performance of a small social economy organization ", ISTR/EMES (Spring - 2008)
Novkovic Sonja, McNamara J. "Co-operative Index ", International Co-operative Alliance (Fall - 2008)
Novkovic Sonja. "The role of microfinance in promoting sustainable economic and social development in South East Europe: policies, problems and practical alternatives. Discussant ", 2007 European Association for Comparative Economic Studies seminar (Summer - 2007)
Novkovic S.. "Measuring Performance of Social Economy Organizations-Halifax Independent School", International Cooperative Alliance - Canadian Association for Studies in Co-operation - Association of Cooperative Educators' Congress (Spring - 2007)
Novkovic Sonja, Hurd M, Smith S. "Measuring performance in social economy organizations-Halifax Independent School ", International Co-operative Alliance/Canadian Association for Studies in Cooperation/ Association of Co-operative Educators joint international (Spring - 2007)
Novkovic S.. "Cooperatives as social entrepreneurs", International Co-operative Alliance Research Conference (Fall - 2006)
Novkovic Sonja. "The strategies for cooperative survival", 13th International Association for the Economics of Participation Conference (Summer - 2006)
Novkovic Sonja. "Global Cooperatives: Is there a paradox?", Canadian Association for Studies in Co-operation (Spring - 2006)
Novkovic Sonja. "Co-operatives as social entrepreneurs", International Co-operative Conference (Fall - 2006)
Novkovic Sonja. "R&D behaviour of firms in a mixed economy: An evolutionary approach", Eastern Economic Association (Winter - 2005)
Novkovic Sonja. "R&D Practices and Co-operative Survival", The Mondragon Co-operative Conference (Summer - 2005)
Novkovic Sonja. "Innovation and imitation: R&D Strategies and Co-operative Survival", Canadian Association for Studies in Cooperation (Spring - 2005)
Novkovic S.. "R&D Practices and Co-operative Survival", The Mondragon Co-operative Conference (Spring - 2005)
Novkovic S.. "Cooperative business: What is the role of cooperative principles and values?", The International Cooperative Alliance Research Conference (Summer - 2005)
Novkovic S.. "Innovation and imitation: R&D Strategies and Co-operative Survival", Canadian Association for Studies in Cooperation (Spring - 2005)
Novkovic Sonja. "The Power of Co-operative Principles", International Cooperative Alliance Research Conference (Spring - 2004)
Novkovic Sonja. "The Nelson and Winters model of an evolutionary mixed economy" (Summer - 2004)

Conference Proceedings

Novkovic Sonja, Bateman Milford. "Co-operatives as agents of collective entrepreneurship: Reflections on the rise of the social enterprise phenomenon", ASB conference (2013 - 2013)
Novkovic Sonja, Holm Wendy. "Co-operative networks as a source of organizational innovation", New opportunities for co-operatives: New opportunities for people. Proceedings of the International Co-operative Alliance research conference (2012 - 2012)
Novkovic Sonja, Stocki Ryszard, Prokopowicz Piotr. "Participation in co-operative firms: Theory, measures and impacts", The Atlantic Schools of Business Conference Proceedings (2010 - 2010)
Novkovic Sonja. "Co-operative business: What is the role of co-operative principles and values? ", The International Cooperative Alliance Research Conference (2005 - 2005)
Novkovic Sonja. "R&D practices and co-operative survival", Proceedings of the Mondragon Research Conference (2005 - 2005)
Novkovic Sonja. "Co-operative Principles as Catalytic Mechanisms", The International Cooperative Alliance Research Conference, The Future of Co-operatives in a growing Europe (2004 - 2004)
Novkovic Sonja, Sverko Davor. "Modeling Heterogeneous Agents With Induced Population Diversity", Proceedings of the Workshop on Economics with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents (1997 - 1997)
Novkovic Sonja. "Comparative Performance of Worker Co-operatives With Artificial Adaptive Agents", Papers and Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference of the Atlantic Canada Economics Association (1996 - 1996)
Novkovic Sonja. "The New Privatization Law and Employee Ownership in Croatia", Papers and Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Enterprise in Transition (1995 - 1995)
Novkovic Sonja. "Transformation of a Labour-Managed Firm With Non-Homogeneous Workers", Papers and Proceedings of the Symposium: The Man in the Socio-Economic System (1992 - 1992)
Novkovic Sonja. "Theory of the Labour-Managed Firm: The Short Run and the Long Run", Papers and Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Workers’ Self Management (1992 - 1992)
Novkovic Sonja. "Labour-Management in Transition", Papers and Proceedings of the 21st Annual Conference of the Atlantic Canada Economics Association (1992 - 1992)
Novkovic Sonja. "A Dynamic Model of the Yugoslav Labour-Managed Firm", Papers and Proceedings of the 20th Annual Conference of the Atlantic Canada Economics Association (1991 - 1991)

Other Publications

Novkovic Sonja. "Agricultural co-operatives in Cuba"
ICAO Newsletter Article (Spring - 2015)
Novkovic Sonja. "Co-operatives in a socialist economy: Cuba’s decentralization of decision-making"
Mimeo (Spring - 2014)
Golja Tea, Novkovic Sonja. "Co-operative development in Croatia"
Research Publication of the 2nd International Co-operative Summit, Quebec (Spring - 2014)
Novkovic Sonja, Altman Morris. "Encyclopedia entry: Co-operative organizations"
Praeger (Spring - 2013)
Novkovic Sonja. "Co-operative organizations"
Morris Altman (ed.) Real World Decision Making: An Encyclopedia of Behavioral Economics (Spring - 2013)
Novkovic Sonja. "Report from the International Symposium on Co-operative governance"
International Symposium on Co-operative Governance (Fall - 2013)

Service: Professional or Disciplinary

Conference Organizer , International Co-operative Alliance Committee on Cooperative Research and International Labour Organization 2015/01 - 2015/01
Guest Editor (with Milford Bateman) , Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management, V3, 1, Special Issue 2014/03 - 2014/03
Advisory Committee Member, International Co-operative Alliance World Co-operative Monitor (lead by EURICSE 2014/03 - Present
Member of Council, Master in Management-co-operatives and credit unions 2014/03 - Present
Member of Council, International Development Studies 2014/03 - Present
Editorial board member, Annals of Public and Co-operative Economics 2014/03 - Present
Participant , Atlantic Schools of Business Conference, Halifax 2014/01 - 2014/01
Guest Editor, Co-operative Governance , International Journal for Co-operative Management and Journal of Co-operative Accounting and Reporting 2013/04 - 2013/04
Participant , International Cooperative Alliance Conference, Pula Crotia 2013/03 - 2013/03
Participant , Tools to Measure Co-operative Performance, Halifax 2013/03 - 2013/03
Conference Organizer , International Co-operative Alliance Committee on Cooperative Research, Pula Crotia 2013/03 - 2013/03
Conference Organizer , Tools to Measure Co-operative Performance 2013/03 - 2013/03
Participant , Omohundro Institute of Early American History & Culture 2013/03 - 2013/03
Participant , Co-operativism, Labour and Economic Development Symposium 2013/01 - 2013/01
Co-organizer, International Symposium on co-operative governance, Halifax 2013/01 - 2013/01
Participant , Meeting Places, An International Canadian Studies Conference, Saint Mary's University and Mt. Allison University 2013/01 - 2013/01
Participant , EMES Conference, Liege 2012/04 - 2012/04
Participant , Canadian Law and Society Annual Meeting, University of British Columbia 2012/04 - 2012/04
Participant , Havana Cuba Social Economy in Canada 2012/03 - 2012/03
Chair, International Co-operative Alliance Committee on Co-operative Research 2012/03 - Present
Participant , International Cooperative Alliance - Committee on Co-operative Research, Nicosia Cyprus 2012/03 - 2012/03
Series editor, Review of International Cooperation, ICA 2012/03 - Present
Participant , Critical Accounting Conference, Abu Dhabi 2012/02 - 2012/02
Participant , Nova Scotia Co-operatives 2012/01 - 2012/01
Participant , International Summit of Co-operatives, Quebec City 2012/01 - 2012/01
Participant , Imagine 2012 Conference on Co-operative Economics, Quebec City 2012/01 - 2012/01
Participant , Nova Scotia Co-operatives 2012/01 - 2012/01
Associate Editor, International Journal of Co-operative Management 2011/03 - Present
Reviewer for the Selected Texts (M. Brassard and E. Molina editors), International Summit of co-operatives 2012. The amazing power of co-operatives 2011/03 - 2011/03
Advisory Committee Member, International Summit of co-operatives 2012. The amazing power of co-operatives 2011/03 - 2011/03
Conference Organizing Committee Member, Imagine 2012 2011/03 - 2011/03
Associate Editor, International Journal of Co-operative Management 2011/03 - Present
Discussant, Euricse-ICA International Conference. Promoting the Understanding of Co-operatives for a Better World, Venice 2011/02 - 2011/02
Participant , International Association for the Economics of Participation Conference, Paris, France 2009/04 - 2009/04
Academic Co-lead, CURA-Managing the Co-operative Difference Research Network 2009/03 - 2014/03
Participant , Canadian Association for Studies in Cooperation, Montreal, Quebec 2009/03 - 2009/03
Participant , Shaping an Agenda for Atlantic Canada Conference, Saint Mary's University 2009/02 - 2009/02
Conference Organizer , Joint International conference of International Association for Research in Economic Psychology and Society for the Advancement of Behavioral Economics, Saint Mary's University 2008/03 - 2008/03
Guest Editor, UK Journal of Co-operative Studies, 40, 2 2006/04 - 2006/04
Guest Editor, Journal of Co-operative Studies, A Special Canadian Issue 2006/03 - 2006/03
Guest Editor, Advances in the Economics of Participatory and Labour Managed Firms 2006/03 - 2006/03
Conference Program Chair, International Co-operative Alliance/Canadian Association for Studies in Cooperation/ Association of Co-operative Educators joint international conference, Saskatoon 2006/03 - 2006/03
Vice President , Canadian Association for Studies in Cooperation 2004/03 - 2007/03
Coordinator, Social Economy and Sustainability Research Network 2004/03 - 2009/03
President, International Association for the Economics of Participation 2003/03 - 2005/03
Conference Organizer , 12th Bi-annual conference of the International Association for the Economics of Participation, Halifax 2003/03 - 2003/03
Vice President , International Association for the Economics of Participation 2001/03 - 2003/03
Member of Council , International Association for the Economics of Participation 1995/03 - Present