James Livingston


Faculty of Arts
Sociology and Criminology

Faculty Member Information

Education

Ph.D., Criminology, Simon Fraser University, 2011
M.A., Criminology, Simon Fraser University, 2001
B.A., Honour’s Degree, Psychology, University of Prince Edward Island, 1999
B.A., First Class Standing, Psychology, University of Prince Edward Island, 1998

Academic Work Experience

2013 - Present, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology and CriminologyCriminology, Saint Mary’s University
2013 - 2013, Visiting Instructor, School of Criminology, Simon Fraser University
2012 - 2015, Clinical Instructor, Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia
2011 - Present, Adjunct Professor, School of Criminology, Simon Fraser University
1999 - 2000, Teaching Assistant, School of Criminology, Simon Fraser University
1998 - 1999, Teaching Assistant, Department of Psychology, University of Prince Edward Island

Non-Academic Work Experience

2009 - 2013, Researcher, Forensic Psychiatric Services Commission, BC Mental Health and Addiction Services, Provincial Health Services Authority
2007 - 2009, Project Manager, Research & Networks, BC Mental Health and Addiction Services, Provincial Health Services Authority
2005 - 2005, Research Consultant, School of Criminology, Simon Fraser University
2004 - 2007, Research Officer, Forensic Psychiatric Services Commission, BC Mental Health and Addiction Services, Provincial Health Services Authority
2002 - 2003, Clinical Psychology Assistant, Forensic Psychiatric Hospital
2000 - 2004, Research Assistant, Forensic Psychiatric Services Commission, BC Mental Health and Addiction Services, Provincial Health Services Authority
2000 - 2003, Research Assistant, InfoWest Research Consultants

Honours

President’s Ph.D. Research Stipend Simon Fraser University - 2007
Research in Addictions and Mental Health Policy and Services Ph.D. Fellowship Canadian Institutes of Health Research Strategic Training Program - 2006
Graduate Fellowship Award Simon Fraser University - 2005
Canadian Graduate Doctoral Scholarship Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada - 2004
C.D. Nelson Memorial Graduate Entrance Scholarship Simon Fraser University - 2003
Graduate Fellowship Award Simon Fraser University - 2001

Teaching: Course / Program Development

2014/01 - Present, Criminalization of Mental Illness
2013/01 - Present, Prisons & Punishment
2012/03 - Present, Introduction to Criminology
2012/03 - 2012/03, Participatory Action Research
2012/02 - 2012/02, Correctional Practice
2011/03 - 2011/03, Participatory Action Research
2010/02 - 2010/02, Stigma associated with Mental Health and Substance Use Problems
2009/03 - 2011/03, Research Methods
2009/02 - 2009/02, Stigma and Mental Illness
2009/02 - 2009/02, Stigma and Mental Illness

Scholarly Contributions

Journal Articles

Livingston James, Chu K, Milne T, Brink J. "Probationers mandated to receive forensic mental health services in Canada: Risks/needs, service delivery, and intermediate outcomes", Psychology, Public Policy, and Law 21:1 (Spring - 2015), 72-84
Livingston James, Desmarais S, Greaves C, Parent R, Verdun-Jones S, Brink J. "Livingston, J. D., Desmarais, S., Greaves, C., Parent, R., Verdun-Jones, S., & Brink, J. (2014). What influences perceptions of procedural justice among people with mental illness regarding their interactions with the police?", Community Mental Health Journal 50 (Spring - 2014), 281- 287
Livingston James, Desmarais S, Verdun-Jones S, Parent R, Michalak E, Brink J. "Perceptions and experiences of people with mental illness regarding their interactions with police", International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 37:4 (Spring - 2014), 334-340
Desmarais S, Livingston James, Greaves C, Johnson K, Verdun-Jones S, Parent R, Brink J. "Police perceptions and contact among people with mental illnesses: Comparisons with a general population survey", Psychology, Public Policy, and Law 20:4 (Spring - 2014), 431-442
Michalak E, Livingston James, Maxwell V, Hole R, Hawke L, Parikh S. "Using theatre to address mental illness stigma: A knowledge translation study in bipolar disorder", International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2:1 (Spring - 2014)
Nijdam-Jones A, Livingston James, Verdun-Jones S, Brink J. "Using Social Bonding Theory to examine ‘recovery’ in a forensic mental health hospital: A qualitative study", Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health (Spring - 2014)
Livingston James, Cianfrone M, Korf-Uzan K, Coniglio C. "Another time point, a different story: One year effects of a social media intervention on the attitudes of young people towards mental health issues", Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 49:6 (Spring - 2014), 985-990
Michalak E, Hole R, Livingston James, Murray G, Parikh S, Lapsley S, McBride S. "Improving care and wellness in bipolar disorder: Origins, evolution and future directions of a collaborative knowledge exchange network", International Journal of Mental Health Systems 6:1 (Spring - 2013), 16
Livingston James, Cianfrone M, Korf-Uzan K, Coniglio C. "Mass media campaigns as signals of social movements: Response to commentaries on the paper, ‘Evaluation of a campaign to improve awareness and attitudes of young people towards mental health issues ’ (Livingston et al., 2012)", Education and Health 31 (Spring - 2013), 51-54
Livingston James, Nijdam-Jones A, Lapsley S, Calderwood C, Brink J. "Supporting recovery by improving patient engagement in a forensic mental health hospital: Results from a demonstration project", Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association 19:3 (Spring - 2013), 132-145
Livingston James, Nijdam-Jones A, Team P.E.E.R. . "Perceptions of treatment planning in a forensic mental health hospital: A qualitative, participatory action research study", International Journal of Forensic Mental Health 12:42-52 (Spring - 2013)
Suto M, Livingston James, Hole R, Lapsley R, Hinshaw S, Hale S, Michalak E. "‘Stigma shrinks my bubble’: A qualitative study of understandings and experiences of stigma and bipolar disorder", Stigma Research & Action 2:2 (Spring - 2012)
Livingston James, Tugwell A, Korf-Uzan K, Cianfrone M, Coniglio C. "Evaluation of a campaign to improve awareness and attitudes of young people towards mental health issues", Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 48:6 (Spring - 2012), 965-973
Livingston James, Milne T, Fang M, Amari E. "The effectiveness of interventions for reducing stigma related to substance use disorders: A systematic review", Addiction 107:1 (Spring - 2012), 39-50
Livingston James, Nijdam-Jones A, Brink J. "Self-stigma and quality of life among people with mental illness who receive compulsory community treatment", Journal of Community Psychology 40:6 (Spring - 2012), 699- 714
Livingston James, Nijdam-Jones A, Brink J. "A tale of two cultures: Examining patient- centred care in a forensic mental health hospital", Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology 23:3 (Spring - 2012), 345-360
Rossiter K, Livingston James. "Stigma as perceived and experienced by people with mental illness who receive compulsory community treatment: A qualitative study", Stigma Research & Action 1:2 (Spring - 2011), 2-8
Michalak E, Livingston James, Hole R, Suto M, Hale S, Haddock C. "‘It’s something that I manage but it is not who I am’: Reflections on internalised stigma in high functioning individuals with bipolar disorder", Chronic Illness 7:3 (Spring - 2011), 209-224
Livingston James, Rossiter K, Verdun-Jones S. "‘Forensic’ labelling: An empirical assessment of its effects on self-stigma for people with severe mental illness", Psychiatry Research 188:1 (Spring - 2011), 115-122
Livingston James, Nicholls T, Brink J. "The impact of realigning a tertiary psychiatric hospital in British Columbia on other institutional sectors", Psychiatric Services 62:2 (Spring - 2011), 200- 205
Livingston James, Verdun-Jones S, Lussier J, Nicholls T. "A narrative review of the effectiveness of aggression management training programs for psychiatric hospital staff", Journal of Forensic Nursing 6:1 (Spring - 2010), 15-28
Livingston James, Boyd J. "Correlates and consequences of internalized stigma for people living with mental illness: A systematic review and meta-analysis", Social Science and Medicine 7:12 (Spring - 2010), 2150-2161
Wang X, Livingston James, Brink J, Murphy E. "Persons found ‘not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder’: A comparison of British Columbia, Canada and Hunan, China", Forensic Science International 164:2-3 (Spring - 2006), 93-97

Presentation

Livingston James. "What does success look like in the forensic mental health system?", The North American Correctional and Criminal Justice Psychology Conference (Spring - 2015)
Livingston James. "The effects of stigma upon society’s responses to mental illness", Joint meeting of the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police and the Mental Health Commission of Canada (Winter - 2014)
Livingston James. "Evaluation of the ‘In One Voice’ campaign", BC Mental Health Literacy Network (Winter - 2014)
Livingston James. "How stigma affects people with mental illnesses", Saint Mary’s University Research Expo (Winter - 2014)
Livingston James. "A most unlikely union: Conducting participatory action research in a forensic mental health hospital", The Qualitative Health Research Conference (Fall - 2013)
Michalak E, Hole E, Livingston James, Parikh S, Hawke L, Hou S. "‘That’s Just Crazy Talk’: A mixed-methods exploration of the effectiveness of theater for impacting negative attitudes about bipolar disorder", The International Conference on Bipolar Disorders (Spring - 2013)
Livingston James. "What is the connection between stigma and violence?", Interministerial Working Group to address issues of Mental Illness and Domestic Violence (Winter - 2013)
Livingston James. "Minimum standards for mental health services in correctional settings", Canadian Forensic Mental Health Network (Winter - 2013)
Livingston James, Brink J, Calderwood C, Lapsley S, Nijdam-Jones A, Peterson T. "Results from a demonstration project aimed at improving patient engagement at the BC Forensic Psychiatric Hospital", The Pacific Forensic Psychiatry Conference (Winter - 2013)
Lapsley S, Suto M, Livingston James, Hole R, Hinshaw S, Michalak E, Hale S. "Stigma shrinks my bubble: A qualitative study of understandings and experiences of stigma and bipolar disorder", The International Conference on Bipolar Disorders (Spring - 2013)
Livingston James. "Beyond the numbers: Capturing the impact of engagement on organizational culture and practices", Webinar for Canadian Foundation for Healthcare Improvement (Fall - 2013)
Michalak E, Parikh S, Livingston James, Maxwell V. "Tackling stigma through theatre – ‘That’s Just Crazy Talk’", Paper presented at the meeting of International Review of Bipolar Disorders (Spring - 2012)
Livingston James. "Stigma in forensic mental health populations/contexts", National Forensic Mental Health Network (Winter - 2012)
Livingston James, Verdun-Jones S, Desmarais S, Brink J, Greaves C. "Procedural justice in mental health/criminal justice systems", The Pacific Forensic Psychiatry Conference (Winter - 2012)
Livingston James, Collins J, Sandrelli M. "Drug treatment funding program knowledge exchange: Stigma reduction & prevention", BC Substance Use Network (Winter - 2012)
Livingston James, Michalak E, Parikh S, Maxwell V, Velyis V, Hou S. "Portraying life lived with bipolar disorder: Evaluation of a contact-based theatrical performance", The Together against Stigma Conference (Spring - 2012)
Livingston James, Nicholls T, Brink J. "The impact of realigning a tertiary psychiatric hospital on other institutional sectors. In T. Nicholls (Chair), Deinstitutionalization and Riverview Hospital redevelopment: Quantitative data to discern fact and fiction", Symposium conducted at the Pacific Forensic Psychiatry Conference (Winter - 2012)
Livingston James, Calderwood C, Lapsley S, Team P.E.E.R. . "Strengthening patient engagement at the BC Forensic Psychiatric Hospital: Peer support and peer research", BC Forensic Psychiatric Services Commission (Spring - 2012)
Livingston James, Tugwell A, Korf-Uzan K, Cianfrone M, Coniglio C. "Evaluation of a campaign to promote positive attitudes, awareness and help-seeking toward mental health issues among youth and young adults in British Columbia", The Together against Stigma Conference (Spring - 2012)
Michalak E, Livingston James. "Tackling stigma through theatre – ‘That’s just crazy talk’", University of British Columbia’s Department of Psychiatry Research Day (Spring - 2012)
Nijdam-Jones A, Livingston James, Brink J. "Patient narratives: Understanding ‘recovery’ and social bonding theory in a forensic mental health hospital", The meeting of International Association of Forensic Mental Health Services (Spring - 2012)
Nijdam-Jones A, Livingston James, Verdun-Jones S, Brink J. "Using social bonding theory to understand ‘recovery’ in a forensic mental health hospital", The Pacific Forensic Psychiatry Conference (Spring - 2012)
Livingston James, Nijdam-Jones A, Brink J. "Is patient-centred care achievable in a forensic mental health hospital? An empirical investigation", The meeting of International Association of Forensic Mental Health Services (Spring - 2012)
Suto M, Livingston James, Lapsley S, Michalak E. "Participation in the context of stigma and bipolar disorder", The meeting of Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists (Spring - 2012)
Livingston James, Nicholls T, Brink J. "How does realigning a tertiary psychiatric hospital system impact other institutional sectors? In T. Nicholls (Chair), Is deinstitutionalization still a dirty word? Results from three large-scale studies.", Symposium conducted at the meeting of International Association of Forensic Mental Health Services (Spring - 2012)
Schneider B, Livingston James, Misurelli M. "Using participatory action research to study stigma and to promote social change", Symposium conducted at the Together against Stigma Conference (Spring - 2012)
Livingston James, Brink J. "Probationers mandated to receive forensic psychiatric services: A retrospective file review study", BC Forensic Psychiatric Services Commission (Winter - 2012)
Hippman C, Morris E, Michalak E, Livingston James, Murray G, Boyd J, Inglis A, Carrion P, Austin J. "Measuring internalized stigma among family members of individuals with serious mental illness: Developing and validating the family members of individuals with mental illness internalized stigma (FaMIL-IS) scale", The Together against Stigma Conference (Spring - 2012)
Livingston James, Team P.E.E.R. . "Team P.E.E.R.: Patient Empowered and Engaged as Researchers at the BC Forensic Psychiatric Hospital. In J. Livingston (Chair), From rhetoric to reality: Improving experiences of care by building patient engagement in a forensic psychiatric hospital", Symposium conducted at the Pacific Forensic Psychiatry Conference (Winter - 2012)
Livingston James, Nijdam-Jones A, Brink J. "Patient-centred, recovery-oriented forensic psychiatric hospital services: Are we chasing an improbable dream?", The Canadian Academy of Psychiatry and Law Annual Winter Conference (Winter - 2012)
Livingston James. "BC Forensic Psychiatric Hospital: Patient engagement project update", Canadian Health Services Research Foundation Patient Engagement Workshop (Spring - 2011)
Livingston James. "Research progress & lessons: Studying the intersections", Building Bridges: Mental Health and the Justice System Symposium (Spring - 2011)
Livingston James. "Substance use-related stigma: Evidence for moving forward in BC", Fraser Health Authority Mental Health & Substance Use Services Leadership Forum (Summer - 2011)
Michalak E, Parikh S, Maxwell V, Livingston James, Velyvis V, Hole R, Hawke Lisa. "Using theatre to address mental illness stigma: A bipolar disorder knowledge translation study", The meeting of Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies (Fall - 2011)
Livingston James. "Evaluating the BC Forensic Psychiatric Hospital Patient Engagement Project", Canadian Health Services Research Foundation Patient Engagement Workshop (Spring - 2011)
Livingston James, Milne T, Fang M, Amari E. "The effectiveness of interventions for reducing stigma related to substance use disorders: A systematic review", Study of Gender Social Inequities and Mental Health Critical Inquiries Workshop (Spring - 2011)
Livingston James. "Stigma transcends disease – So shouldn’t our solutions?", Greater Involvement of People with HIV/AIDS Workshop (Winter - 2011)
Livingston James, Brink J, Calderwood C, Hediger M, Kinvig D, Robinson N, Sharifi N, Nijdam-Jones A. "Improving experiences of care: Patient engagement in a forensic psychiatric hospital", The meeting of Canadian Academy of Psychiatry and Law (Winter - 2011)
S Parikh, Michalak E, Maxwell V, Livingston James. "Reducing stigma: A knowledge translation study of bipolar disorder", The meeting of Canadian Psychiatric Association (Fall - 2011)
Livingston James, Brink J, Calderwood C, Hediger M, Kinvig D, Robinson N, Sharifi N, Nijdam-Jones A. "Doing the impossible? Building patient engagement in a forensic psychiatric hospital", The meeting of International Association of Forensic Mental Health Services (Spring - 2011)
Livingston James, Desmarais S, Greaves C, Brink J. "What influences perceptions of procedural justice regarding police encounters among people with mental illness?", The meeting of International Association of Forensic Mental Health Services (Spring - 2011)
Pritchard M, Lapsley S, Livingston James, Desmarais S, Brink J, Greaves C, Maxwell V, Michalak E, Parent R, Verdun-Jones S, Weaver C. "Positive interactions between individuals with a mental illness and the police", The Pacific Forensic Psychiatry Conference (Winter - 2011)
Greaves C, Desmarais S, Livingston James, Brink J. "Do media portrayals of the police influence the perceptions and attitudes of people with mental illness?", The meeting of International Association of Forensic Mental Health Services (Spring - 2011)
Verdun-Jones S, Livingston James, Desmarais S, Greaves C, Brink J. "Are perceptions of procedural justice associated with levels of satisfaction for people with mental illness who interact with the police?", International Association of Forensic Mental Health Services (Spring - 2011)
Livingston James, Desmarais S, Greaves C, Brink J. "Interacting with the police: In-depth interviews. In J. Brink (Chair), Perceptions of people with severe mental illness about their interactions with police", Symposium conducted at the Pacific Forensic Psychiatry Conference (Winter - 2011)
Livingston James. "Defining stigma", Vancouver Coastal Health Authority (Winter - 2011)
Livingston James. "Effectiveness of interventions for reducing stigma related to mental health and substance use problems", Provincial Mental Health and Substance Use Planning Council of BC (Fall - 2011)
Desmarais S, Livingston James, Greaves C, Van Dorn R, Telford R, Brink J. "Interactions between people with severe mental illness and the police: A test of contact theory", The meeting of International Association of Forensic Mental Health Services (Spring - 2011)
Suto M, Michalak E, Livingston James. "Community based research: Stigma experiences in the context of living with bipolar disorder", The meeting of Society for the Study of Occupation (Fall - 2011)
Livingston James. "Danger ahead! Forensic systems, structural stigma, and the perpetual deviant", The meeting of International Association of Forensic Mental Health Services (Spring - 2010)
Livingston James. "Stigma and mental illness: It affects us all", Canada Revenue Agency (Spring - 2010)
Livingston James. "People with mental illness and the police: Redistributing power through research", Canadian Institute for Health Research Café Scientifique event, ‘Seeds of Change: Community Based Research in Practice' (Winter - 2010)
Livingston James. "A mixed method study of mental illness, compulsory treatment, and self-stigma", The Qualitative Health Research Conference (Fall - 2010)
Petersen K, Nicholls T, Livingston James, Gagnon N, Brink J, Douglas K. "Internalized stigma in a population of chronic residential patients with severe mental illness", The meeting of International Association of Forensic Mental Health Services (Spring - 2010)

Other Publications

Livingston James. "Stigma at the intersection of mental illness, not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder, and sex offender registration"
Technical report prepared for Sack Goldblatt Mitchell LLP (Spring - 2015)
Simpson A, Linklater R, Livingston James, Flora N. "A care pathway for federal inmates with serious mental disorders: Consultation report for Correctional Service Canada"
Correctional Service Canada (Spring - 2015)
Livingston James. "How stigma affects the interaction between police personnel and people with mental illnesses"
In T. Coleman & D. Cotton, TEMPO: Police interactions—A report towards improving interactions between police and people living with mental health problems (Spring - 2014)
Livingston J. "Mental illness-related structural stigma: The downward spiral of systematic exclusion"
Mental Health Commission of Canada (Spring - 2013)
Livingston James. "The Stigma-Violence Cycle"
CREST.BD Bipolar Research Blog (Spring - 2013)
Livingston J., Nijdam-Jones A., Team P.E.E.R.. "Treatment planning in a forensic mental health hospital: A participatory action research study"
BC Forensic Psychiatric Services Commission (Spring - 2012)
Livingston J. "The effectiveness of interventions for reducing stigma related to substance use disorders: A systematic review"
Health Canada – Drug Treatment Funding Program (Spring - 2011)
Brink J, Livingston J, Desmarais S, Greaves C, Maxwell V, Michalak E, Parent R, Verdun-Jones S, Weaver C. "A study of how people with mental illness perceive and interact with the police"
Mental Health Commission of Canada (Spring - 2011)
Livingston James. "Researching stigma experiences of people on extended leave in British Columbia"
On Our Way: Recovery Newsletter of the Vancouver Acute & Community Mental Health Services, 1(4), 5-6. (Winter - 2010)
Livingston J. "Mental health and substance use services in correctional settings: A review of minimum standards and best practices"
International Centre for Criminal Justice Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy (Spring - 2009)
Livingston J. "Criminal justice diversion for persons with mental disorders: A review of best practices"
Canadian Mental Health Association, BC Division (Spring - 2008)

Service: Institutional Committees

Research Ethics Board, 2014/03 - None (217)

Service: Professional or Disciplinary

Scientific reviewer, Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice 2014/03 - 2014/03
Editorial Advisory Board, Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice 2013/03 - Present
Scientific reviewer, Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice 2013/03 - 2013/03
Scientific reviewer, Social Science & Medicine 2013/03 - 2013/03
Scientific reviewer, BMC Psychiatry 2013/03 - 2013/03
Scientific reviewer, Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2013/03 - 2013/03
Scientific reviewer, Psychiatry Research 2013/03 - 2013/03
Scientific reviewer, Journal of Psychiatry: Open Access 2013/03 - 2013/03
Scientific reviewer, International Journal of Forensic Mental Health 2013/03 - 2013/03
Review panel member, Mental Health Research Grant Initiative, Movember Foundation 2013/03 - 2013/03
Scientific reviewer, Social Science & Medicine 2012/03 - 2012/03
Scientific reviewer, Psychiatry Research 2012/03 - 2012/03
Scientific reviewer, Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2012/03 - 2012/03
Scientific reviewer, International Journal of Forensic Mental Health 2012/03 - 2012/03
Scientific reviewer, BMC Psychiatry 2012/03 - 2012/03
Scientific reviewer, Research Office, Food and Health Bureau, Hong Kong SAR Government 2012/03 - 2012/03
Committee member, Mental Health and the Law Advisory Committee, Mental Health Commission of Canada 2011/03 - 2012/03
Scientific reviewer, Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2011/03 - 2011/03
Scientific reviewer, Social Science & Medicine 2011/03 - 2011/03
Scientific reviewer, Psychiatry Research 2011/03 - 2011/03
Scientific reviewer, Basic and Applied Social Psychology 2011/03 - 2011/03
Scientific reviewer, Psychological Medicine 2011/03 - 2011/03
Scientific reviewer, Addiction 2011/03 - 2011/03
Scientific reviewer, Psychiatric Services 2011/03 - 2011/03
Scientific reviewer, Canadian Public Health Association Annual 2011/03 - 2011/03
Adjudication panel member, Mental Health Commission of Canada, Supporting the Promotion of Activated Research and Knowledge (SPARK) Training Institute 2011/02 - 2011/03
Committee member, Clinical Services Committee, Forensic Psychiatric Services Commission 2010/03 - 2012/03
Scientific reviewer, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 2010/03 - 2010/03
Scientific reviewer, Journal of Pragmatic and Observational Research 2009/03 - 2009/03
Member, Research Advisory Committee, Forensic Psychiatric Services Commission 2008/03 - 2012/03
Team Member, Collaborative Research Team to study psychosocial issues in Bipolar Disorder 2008/03 - Present