Atlantic Research Group on Economics of Immigration, Aging and Diversity

Volume 2 Issue 1 Seniors in the Labour Force of Atlantic Canada

Seniors in labour force of Atlantic Canada (2006 – 2013)

In Canada, percentage of seniors in total population has increased for both men and women, but at a faster rate in Atlantic Canada than nationally. Their percentages in total population of Atlantic Canada are higher than nationally (Figures 1a and 1b).


ARGEIAD Newsletter - Seniors in the Workforce
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey 2006-2013, special tabulations


ARGEIAD Newsletter - Seniors in the Workforce
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey 2006 – 2013, special tabulations.

Labour force participation rates of seniors (men and women) have increased since 2006 nationally and in Atlantic Canada, but they remain below the national rates in Atlantic Canada. Participation rate are higher for men than for women. (Figures 2a and 2b).


ARGEIAD Newsletter - Seniors in the Workforce
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey 2006 – 2013, special tabulations.


ARGEIAD Newsletter - Seniors in the Workforce
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey 2006 – 2013, special tabulations.

Unemployment rates among senior men have been higher in Atlantic Canada than nationally. For women, these data are available only since 2010 and show higher rates as well. Rates are lower for women than for men (Figures 3a and 3b).


ARGEIAD Newsletter - Seniors in the Workforce
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey 2006 – 2013, special tabulations.


ARGEIAD Newsletter - Seniors in the Workforce

‌Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey 2006 – 2013, special tabulations.

Percentage of senior men working as part-time workers has been lower in Atlantic Canada than nationally, while for women this percentage fell below the national rate since 2010. A higher percentage of women among senior labour force works part-time than among men (Figures 4a and 4b).


ARGEIAD Newsletter - Seniors in the Workforce
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey 2006 – 2013, special tabulations.


ARGEIAD Newsletter - Seniors in the Workforce
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey 2006 – 2013, special tabulations.

Compared to the average male worker, male seniors earn lower hourly wage rate in Atlantic Canada and nationally. However, this wage gap is narrower nationally. In 2006, a male senior earned 90 percent of what an average worker did in the region as well as nationally. In 2013, the gap narrowed nationally (95 percent), while it broadened regionally as male seniors earned about 87 percent of what an average male worker did in Atlantic Canada (Figures 5a and 5b).


ARGEIAD Newsletter - Seniors in the Workforce
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey 2006 – 2013, special tabulations.
Note: Relative wage lower than 1 indicates seniors earn lower than the average worker.

The wage gap for women is lower than it is for men.


ARGEIAD Newsletter - Seniors in the Workforce
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey 2006 – 2013, special tabulations.
Note: Relative wage lower than 1 indicates seniors earn lower than the average worker.

Table 1: Distribution of Seniors in the Labour Force of Atlantic Canada by their occupation (%)


ARGEIAD Newsletter - Seniors in the Workforce
Between 2006 and 2013, the occupational distribution of men and women changed in Atlantic Canada. Both men and women experienced a shift in their distribution from higher paying professional jobs towards lower paying jobs. This shift was more pronounced in case of women (Table 1).
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey 2006 – 2013, special tabulations.