Atlantic Research Group on Economics of Immigration, Aging and Diversity
Labour Market Outlook and Immigrants in the Labour force of Atlantic Canada
Ather H. Akbari, Department of Economics, Saint Mary’s University
Table 1 provides the labour market outlook for Atlantic Canada over the period 2016-18. The data reported are based on projections of Service Canada. Over the period, 56,605 job opportunities are expected to open in the region representing a 1.7 percent growth. All of these opportunities will open due to attrition (death and retirement). Some of the jobs created through attrition will be lost due to negative job growth attributable largely to declining economy in Newfoundland and Labrador in oil sector and winding down of some major construction projects such as Muskarat Falls Hydroelectric Project and Hebron Oil Project (expected to be completed within the period). All other provinces will have slightly positive job growth (data not shown).
Table 1: Labour Market Outlook for Atlantic Canada (2016-18).
|Skill level||Job Opening|
| Due to
| Due to
Source: Based on data provided by Service Canada.
Given the declining natural growth in its population, the region’s reliance on immigration to meet its labour market’s demand for skills is expected to rise in future.
Chart 1 shows the current and past contribution of immigrants to employed labour force in the region over the period 2006-2016. For comparison purposes, data are also presented for other regions and for Canada. Immigrants’ contribution to the labour force in Canada grew from 22 percent to 26 percent over this period. All regions experienced growth, with Western Canada experiencing the fastest growth. Growth in Atlantic Canada was the slowest and immigrants’ composition of labour force remains the lowest in this region.
Source: Labour Force Surveys, Statistics Canada.
Chart 2 presents the skill composition of employed immigrant labour force in Atlantic Canada (based on NOCS 2016). Most immigrants work in technical (occupation level B, requiring college or vocational education or apprenticeship training) and intermediate occupations (occupation level C, that usually require secondary school and/or occupation-specific training).
Source: Labour Force Surveys (Statistics Canada).