Sociology

Course Descriptions

1210 Introductory Sociology
3 credit hours

This course is intended to give a basic introduction to the discipline. It will examine the sociological imagination which understands human life as fundamentally explained by our membership in social groups. Particular attention will be given to the basic theories, concepts and methods through which this view is explored.


1211 Social Power Relations
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210 with a grade of C

This course is required for majors in Sociology & Criminology. It introduces the many dimensions of social inequality and power. This course prepares students for the required 2000 and 3000-level theory and methods courses in Sociology & Criminology.


2124 Social Inequality and Justice [CRIM 2124]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210

Students will examine major structures of social inequality and how these structures intersect in the lives of individuals and groups. Patterns in opportunity, disadvantage, regulation, and access to justice emerge from those structures.


3010 Classical Theory [CRIM 3010]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210

This course introduces students to the major themes of classical Sociological and Criminological theory. Students will examine key debates from the 18th and 19th century which have influenced contemporary Sociological and Criminological Theory.

Note: Students may not receive credit for CRIM 3010 if they have already received credit for CRIM 2300 or SOCI 2362.


3012 Contemporary Sociological Theory
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI/CRIM 3010

A critical examination of the major themes of social analysis in the 20th and 21st century, with particular emphasis on current theoretical issues and differences in theoretical approaches to problems in sociological analysis.

Note: Students who have completed SOCI 2363 will not receive credit for this course.


3100 Qualitative Research Methods [CRIM 3100]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210

This course introduces students to sociological and criminological research that uses qualitative methods. The course will examine qualitative methodology, research strategies, designs and methods of qualitative data collection and analysis, including the contributions of feminist scholarship. Students will also learn different ways of interpreting qualitative data. Approaches covered in this class may include grounded theory, participatory action research, historical and textual methods, and participant-observation/ethnography, among others.

Class 3 hrs and Lab 75 min/week

Note: Students may not receive credit for CRIM 3100 if they have already received credit for CRIM 2302 or SOCI 2365.


3102 Quantitative Research Methods [CRIM 3102]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite:  SOCI 1210

This course introduces students to quantitative methodology, research strategies, designs, methods of quantitative data collection and statistical analysis. A key feature of this class will involve interpreting and critiquing statistical data, which is a major source of information for sociologists and criminologists.

Class 3 hrs and Lab 75 min/week

Note: Students may not receive credit for CRIM 3100 if they have already received credit for CRIM 2302 or SOCI 2365.


3220 Race, Racism and Colonialism [CRIM 3220]
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: SOCI 1210

Students in this course will critically examine the history, social production, and ongoing impacts of race, racism and colonialism.


3306 Sociology of Education [EDUC 3307]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite:  SOCI 1210

A study of major sociological approaches (both conceptual and methodological) to education in different societies, with special emphasis on Canadian society. The course will focus on topics such as relationship between family, education and society; education and inequality; the social organization of knowledge; education and social change; the politics of education.


3336 Sociology of Work
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210

This course is designed to help students cultivate a sociological imagination for one of the most important parts of our lives: work.  Following an introduction to the concepts and issues that relate to work, labour and employment, we will explore the nature of work in other cultures comparatively and historically.  The course then focuses on the nature of work in modern society.  This is followed with a detailed examination of three factors that shape the experience of work in people’s lives: class, gender and race.


3339 The Sociology of Language [LING 2339]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210

This course provides an introduction to the major areas of the sociology of language. Special attention is paid to language and social relations in Canada, particularly to the present-day situation. Standard topics in the sociology of language are treated, including language and social interaction; the use of language by social classes, men and women, ethnic groups and regions; dialects and social groups, bilingualism and multilingualism; language and nationalism; language maintenance and language shift; and language planning.


3343 Society as Drama
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210

This course explores the features of social life that depend on the human ability to imagine ourselves as others see us. Drawing specifically from the theoretical perspectives of George Herbert Mead and Erving Goffman, this course investigates symbolic interactionist approaches to the (re)construction of the self and the self-society relationship as a process of symbolic communications between social actors. Central to this course is the notion that as social actors we attempt to shape the impressions that others have of us by projecting images of ourselves that best serve our own objectives. In so doing, we both define the social situation and create appropriate expectations of ourselves and others. 


3386 Sociology of Developing Societies [IDST 3386]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210

This course examines the conditions of economic and social development in the Third World. The role of colonial empires in the creation of these conditions and of the world system in maintaining them will be scrutinized. Problems discussed will include trade relations, foreign aid, land distribution, industrialization, class structures, the role of the estate, and the position of women. Illustrative case studies on these problems will range across different countries in the Third World (Africa, Latin America and Asia).


3387 Women and Development [WMST 3387]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210

This course will examine the role of women in development. It will examine the changing structure of the division of labour by gender in different international, regional and community contexts, and the interaction between the economics and politics of class and gender in different societies at different levels of development. This course will also address issues such as: the incorporation of subsistence economies into modern market economies; the establishment of labour-intensive multinational industries, particularly those drawing on female labour; the relationship between the household and the formal and informal economies and patterns of female migration; and the role of women in the transition from rural to urban/industrial worlds.


3408 Urban Sociology: Introduction & History
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210

Students in this survey will be introduced to the sociological study of the city, with particular attention paid to how human beings produce and interact in cities through unequal power relations, and in historically specific ways.


3423 Ethnic Conflict
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210

Ethnic conflict is a social force that is shaping our lives, society, and world history. We will use sociological theories and research to tackle some of the current debates and controversies related to ethnic conflicts, such as opposition to Canadian multiculturalism, Aboriginal protests in Canada, the rise of Islamophobia, the resurgence of the Far Right in Europe, attitudes towards and prevention of Islamic terrorism, and the impact of globalization on ethnic conflict escalation.


3431 Women, Migration and Identity
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210

This course will explore how immigration was an essential part of building the Canadian nation, but women’s experiences, struggles and contributions in this process have been largely neglected in mainstream historical accounts. We will examine the issues shaping women’s identities, such as acculturation; problems with family and community; economic difficulties and job discrimination; and the role race, ethnicity, class, region and generation play in shaping women’s diverse realities. 


3505 Prisons and Punishment [CRIM 3505]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210

 

Drawing upon literature from the sociology of punishment, this course situates Western penal regimes within historically-specific economic, socio-political, and cultural frameworks. The emergence and re-emergence of a broad range of practices for punishing and regulating ‘problem populations’ will be a central theme for the course.

 


3507 Policing and Society [CRIM 3507]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210

In this course students will explore issues related to the policing of modern societies. Topics will include the exercise of police powers and discretion, police misconduct, and policing in a multicultural society. 


3508 Corporate Crime [CRIM 3508]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210

Students in this course will examine and analyze the nature, scope and impact of corporate crime, the principal organizational, social, political, and economic factors in the definition and commission of such crimes, and the ways in which governments and legal systems respond to the problems.


3509 Victims and Criminal Justice [CRIM 3509]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210

In criminal justice systems, the role of the victim has expanded considerably. It is not clear if these developments have resulted in better treatment of victims or more justice in broader ways. To explore these issues students will learn about the historic roots of “victimology”, and critical  theoretical  perspectives on the social construction of victims and their needs and rights.


3510 Criminal Law [CRIM 3510]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210

This course is designed to familiarize students with Canadian criminal law. The course will focus on topics such as the history, nature and functions of criminal law, its elements and role in a democratic society, exemptions from criminal responsibility, its principles and procedures, and its administration and enforcement.


3511 Youth Crime and Moral Panics [CRIM 3511]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210

This course takes a historical/comparative approach to the study of youth crime in Canada. It examines changing definitions and perceptions of youth crime, contemporary crime patterns, correlates and their explanations. The course emphasizes a critical approach to understanding youth crime statistics and their changes over the last 100 years. The overall objective of the course is to develop in students a critical appreciation of moral panics about youth crime.


3519 Terrorism: Perspective and Policy [CRIM 3519]
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: SOCI 1210

This course is a comprehensive examination of how terrorism movements have comparatively developed.  This includes an analysis of methods, typical motivations, and outcomes.  Academic studies on terrorism and counter-terrorism are contrasted with responses to terrorism.


3526 Organized Crime [CRIM 3526]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210

This course provides an introduction to the subject of organized crime and its control in North America.  The course applies sociological, criminological, and economic theory to understand the rise and proliferation of criminal organizations and organized crime activities.  It also explores dominant organized crime genres, activities, and recent trends.  The course also explores strategies and laws to combat organized crime.


3546 Crime and the Media [CRIM 3546]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210

This course focuses on the depiction of crime in various media of mass communication. Areas of study include corporate crime, violent crime, gangs, organized crime and terrorism. This course also examines how gender, race and class are related to the way crime is depicted in the mass media.


3800 – 3825 Special Topics in Criminology [CRIM 3800 – 3825]
6 credit hours
Prerequisites: SOCI 1210

These courses are designed to enable a student to examine particular criminological issues in detail. They will be offered according to faculty availability and expertise.


3826 – 3849 Selected Issues in Criminology [CRIM 3826-3849]
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: SOCI 1211

These courses are designed to enable a student to examine a particular criminological issue in detail.


3876 – 3899 Contemporary Issues in Sociology
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 1210

The course will provide an opportunity for students to study contemporary substantive issues in considerable depth and detail.


4210 Forced Migration and Refugees [CRIM 4210]
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: SOCI/CRIM 3010, SOCI/CRIM 3100, SOCI/CRIM 3102 and either SOCI 3012 or CRIM 3011

This course will critically examine the key determinants, processes, and consequences of internal displacement and forced migration across borders through the analysis of case studies from around the world. Topics in the course will include, selectively, contemporary refugee issues, gender violence in conflict zones, resettlement, repatriation, refugees and development, asylum-seekers, and the Canadian and UN refugee protection systems and various international conventions.


4370 Multiculturalism in Canada and Abroad
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI 3012

Students examine the historical and social frameworks for Canadian approaches to multiculturalism Particular attention is given to the place of refugee claimants, refugees, temporary foreign workers, and “illegal” migrants in Canadian society. Students will work on a project with a community organization.


4382 Gender and International Migration [WMST 4482/IDST 4452]
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: SOCI/CRIM 3100, SOCI/CRIM 3102 and either SOCI 3012 or CRIM 3011

This is a course on the theory and practice of international migration taking an explicitly gendered perspective.  It discusses the conceptual and theoretical frameworks on migration and gender and migration; the history of selected migration movements with a focus on the role of women; women in the migratory process, employment and family issues; the impact/consequences of international migration on development; contemporary migration policies; forced migration and refugee issues; gender and trans-nationalism.


4420 Genocide [CRIM 4420]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI/CRIM 3010, SOCI/CRIM 3100, SOCI/CRIM 3102 and either SOCI 3012 or CRIM 3011

Genocide as a sociological and criminological phenomenon prevalent through history is examined.  Different types of genocide are identified, as well as the many challenges in responding to it.


4421 War as Crime [CRIM 4421]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: CRIM/SOCI 3010, 3100, 3102 and (SOCI 3012 or CRIM 3011)

The 20th century as seen two world wars and numerous other conflicts.  The so-called ‘Cold War’ turned hot in many parts of the developing world and cost the lives of tens of millions and maimed countless others.  With the new millennium, novel forms of warfare and military technologies have been introduced which again largely victimize the societies of the ‘Global South’.  .Students will analyze the criminal dimensions and true costs of military conflict. 


4422 Women, Gender and Development: Theory and Method [WMST 4422]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI/CRIM 3100, SOCI/CRIM 3102 and either SOCI 3012 or CRIM 3011.

This seminar will examine the role of women and development in the Third World. It will discuss the interrelationship of various development and feminist theories; methodological approaches to the study of women and development will also be examined. This course will provide students with a conceptual overview and practical tools for understanding the problems faced by women in developing countries.


4423 Women, Gender and Development: Policy and Practice [WMST 4423]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI/CRIM 3100, SOCI/CRIM 3102 and either SOCI 3012 or CRIM 3011

This seminar will examine case studies of the role of women in the development process in various Third World countries. It will provide an analysis of the gender dimensions of programs and policies that affect women in different international, regional and community contexts. Case studies will focus on a number of specific issues such as work, education, health and empowerment. These will vary from year to year.


4432 Gender and Law [CRIM/WMST 4432]
3 credit hours
Prerequisites:  SOCI/CRIM 3100, 3102 and either SOCI 3012 or CRIM 3011

Students will examine how the social construction of femininity and masculinity intersect with other forms of identity and power to shape law.  The course will include investigation of the creation, interpretation and enforcement of law.


4501 Advanced Theory [CRIM 4501]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: enrolment in honours program.

Presentation of various topics of interest to advanced criminology and sociology students. Attention is given to the critical theoretical accomplishments of various writers, including feminist scholars. From time to time, depending on student interest and faculty availability, this course will consider particular theorists and such matters as constructing social theories, traditions of theoretical writing, and new directions and problems in the field.

Note: Students are advised to enrol in SOCI 4495 - 4496 in years when CRIM 4501 is not offered.


4502 Advanced Research Methodology [CRIM 4502]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: enrolment in honours program.

Students examine a range of quantitative and qualitative research methods in areas reflecting the interests of students in the class.  Students explore the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches of data collection and analysis used in sociology and criminology.  Topics covered may include survey research, experimental design, interview techniques, field research, historical and documentary analysis.


4512 Issues in Juvenile Justice [CRIM 4512]
3 credit hours
Prerequisites:  SOCI/CRIM 3100, 3102, either SOCI 3012 or CRIM 3011, and CRIM/SOCI 3512

This course explores contemporary issues associated with the concept, philosophy and practice of juvenile justice.  Students will examine children and youth as theoretical constructs in the context of the discourse surrounding children’s rights and governance of the young.  The course aims to develop students’ critical understanding of the politics and philosophy of youth justice in postmodern society. 


4515 Drugs and Power in Latin America [CRIM 4515]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI/CRIM 3010, 3100, 3102 and either SOCI 3012 or CRIM 3011

Students in this course will become familiar with the student with the complexity of Latin American Organized Crime.  We will examine the historical and cultural dimensions of the drug trade, the evolution and role of specific criminal groups, as well as the drug war in the Americas.


4548 Feminist Analysis [WMST 4548]
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: SOCI/CRIM 3010, 3100, 3102 and either SOCI 3012 or CRIM 3011

Using a range of feminist theories and methodologies, students in this course explore issues that arise when studying women and gender relationships.  Students will pay particular attention to the ways in which research can replicate and reinforce sex and gender biases.


4570 Indigenous Politics and Settler Colonialism
3 credit hours
Prerequisite(s): SOCI/CRIM 3220

Students examine the history and ongoing social impacts of settler colonialism in Canada, with a particular focus on Mi’kma’ki. Students explore a variety of forms of contemporary indigenous resurgence and resistance, with a particular focus on emerging indigenist scholarship on the topic.


4600 Honours Thesis Research Preparation [CRIM 4600]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: enrolment in honours program.

This course is restricted to students who have been accepted into the honours program. Its purpose is to aid students in the preparation of their honours thesis through workshops related to proposals, research and writing.


4601 Honours Thesis Writing [CRIM 4601]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI/CRIM 4600

Students will work closely with their supervisor to complete their thesis. To obtain an honours degree in sociology and criminology, the student must earn a grade of B+ (3.30) in CRIM 4601.


4610 Practicum in Community Development [CRIM 4610]
3 credit hours
Prerequisite: SOCI/CRIM 3610 Practicum in Social Development

Students will tutor youth from a socially disadvantaged neighborhood and research and prepare a development plan for that community.  A theoretical framework and training for this field work is provided by in-class and online lectures and readings.


4800 - 4825 Selected Topics
6 credit hours
Prerequisites: SOCI/CRIM 3100, SOCI/CRIM 3102 and either SOCI 3012 or CRIM 3011

A seminar course which examines questions within an area of specialization and enables a student to study a particular sociological issue in detail.


4826 – 4849 Selected Topics
3 credit hours
Prerequisites: SOCI/CRIM 3100, SOCI/CRIM 3102 and either SOCI 3012 or CRIM 3011

A seminar course which examines questions within an area of specialization and enables a student to study a particular sociological issue in detail.