Environmental Science

Environmental Science (ENVS)

The Department of Environmental Science offers a rigorous interdisciplinary program based on core sciences and includes courses in management, social sciences and the humanities. This program can lead to a Bachelor of Science degree with a major, honours or minor in Environmental Science under the Faculty of Science.

Students may pursue a double major in Environmental Science and another science subject, as outlined in Section 7 of the Faculty of Science pages in this Calendar. They may also pursue a double honours in Environmental Science and another science subject, as outlined in Section 12d of the Faculty of Science pages in this Calendar.

Students may combine a minor in Environmental Science with a major in another discipline as part of a Bachelor of Science, Arts or Commerce.
For details on the Bachelor of Environmental Studies (BES) degree requirements in the Faculty of Arts, please refer to the BES calendar section.

The Environmental Science program provides students with the necessary academic preparation to understand environmental and resource-oriented issues and to develop creative and effective solutions to environmental issues and challenges.


Bachelor of Science in Environmental Science

Students have the options to declare a major, double major, dual degree, honours, double honours, minor and/or co-op. Graduates of the honours program may be qualified for admission to graduate programs in Environmental Science or related subjects, see the Graduate Academic Calendar for details.

Students may pursue a cooperative education option. See the Cooperative Education Office for details.


Major in Environmental Science

Environmental Science is an interdisciplinary program, based on core courses in environmental science and including courses from departments in the Faculty of Science, as well as those in Arts and Commerce. Students:

  • must achieve a minimum grade of C in all ENVS courses as per Academic Regulation 6h.
  • may count up to a maximum of 3 Field Courses toward their Group C requirements for a major or honours B.Sc. in Environmental Science

The following requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Science with Major include those requirements listed in the Faculty of Science pages in this Calendar:

  • Sixty-nine (69) credit hours in the Major subject areacourses. Students must achieve a minimum grade of C in each of the following ENVS courses used to satisfy the Major subject requirement:
    • ENVS 1200 Environmental Challenges
    • ENVS 1250 Physical Processes in the Environment.  This requirement can also be satisfied by taking either PHYS 1000 and PHYS 1001, or PHYS 1100 and PHYS 1101.
    • ENVS 2300 Populations and Ecosystems
    • ENVS 2310 Energy, Resources and Pollution
    • GEOG 3326 Statistical Methods in Geography or BIOL 3308 Biostatistics or MATH 1216 Introduction to Mathematical Statistics
    • ENVS 4499 Environmental Seminar
    • Twelve (12) credit hours in Group A courses
    • Twelve (12) credit hours in Group B courses
    • Twelve (12) credit hours in Group C courses*, including at least three (3) credits of Field Course ENVS 3310 - 3315
    • An additional twelve (12) credit hours in Group C courses* at the 4000-level
    • Eighteen (18) credit hours in non-ENVS science courses
    • Six (6) credit hours in MATH and /or CSCI at the 1210 level or above. Only one of MATH 1250 and CSCI 1226 may be used towards fulfilling this requirement.
    • Twelve (12) credit hours in Arts and/or Economics:
    • Three (3) credit hours in English:
    • Three (3) credit hours in Humanities
    • Nine (9) credit hours of electives

*NOTE: 

Students may count up to a maximum of nine (9) credit hours in Field Courses toward their Group C requirements for a major or honours B.Sc. in Environmental Science.

Major in Environmental Science – Suggested Sequence:

Year 1:

  • ENVS 1200 Environmental Challenges
  • ENVS 1250 Physical Processes in the Environment.  This requirement can also be satisfied by taking either PHYS 1000 and PHYS 1001, or PHYS 1100 and PHYS 1101.
  • Six (6) credit hours in Mathematics and/or Computing Science at the 1210-level or above. Only one of MATH 1250 and CSCI 1226 may be used towards fulfilling this requirement.
  • CHEM 1210 General Chemistry I
  • CHEM 1212 General Chemistry II for Life Sciences, or CHEM 1211 General Chemistry II for Physical Sciences (note specific MATH pre-requisites)
  • BIOL 1201 Molecular and Cell Biology
  • BIOL 1202 Organismal and Ecological Biology
  • ENGL 1205 Introduction to Literature
  • GEOG 1200 People, Place and Environment

Year 2:

  • GEOL 1200 Understanding the Earth
  • GEOL 1201 Dynamic Earth
  • ENVS 2300 Populations and Ecosystems
  • ENVS 2310 Energy, Resources and Pollution
  • One of GEOG 3326 Statistical Methods in Geography or BIOL 3308 Biostatistics or MATH 1216 Introduction to Mathematical Statistics
  • ECON 1201 Principles of Economics: Micro
  • ECON 3362 Natural Resource Economics or ECON 3363 Environmental Economics
  • Three (3) credit hours from Group A courses
  • Six (6) credit hours from Group B

Year 3:

  • Nine (9) credit hours from Group A courses
  • Six (6) credit hours from group B
  • Three (3) credit hours from group C
  • Three (3) credit hours from ENVS 3310-15 Field Courses
  • one of GEOG 3326 Statistical Methods in Geography or BIOL 3308 Biostatistics or MATH 1216 Introduction to Mathematical Statistics
  • Three (3) credit hours from the Humanities
  • Three (3) credit hours of electives

Year 4:

  • ENVS 4499    Environmental Seminar
  • Six (6) credit hours from Group C
  • Twelve (12) credit hours from Group C at the 4000 level
  • Six (6) credit hours of electives

 

Group A Courses

Environmental Science Courses:

ENVS 1200 Environmental Challenges
ENVS 1250 Physical Processes in the Environment 
ENVS 2100 Green Chemistry
ENVS 2300 Environmental Science: Populations & Ecosystems
ENVS 2310 Environmental Science: Energy, Resources & Pollution 
ENVS 2410 Energy and the Environment
ENVS 3340 Principles of Hydrogeology 
ENVS 3410 Environmental Impact Assessment
ENVS 3420 Environmental Monitoring and Auditing 
ENVS 3430 Environmental Information Management 
ENVS 3440 The Environment and Human Health 
ENVS 3450 Aquatic Environments
ENVS 3630 Climate Change 
ENVS 4440 Environmental Policy
ENVS 4450 Natural Resource Management 
ENVS 4460 Environmental Pattern Analysis and Modeling
ENVS 4470 Environmental Remediation and Restoration
ENVS 4480 Environmental Contaminants


Group B

Environment related Courses in Economics, Social Sciences, and Humanities:

ANTH 4306 Foraging Adaptation 
ECON 3361 Fisheries Economics
ECON 3362 Natural Resource Economics
ECON 3363 Environmental Economics
ENGL 2318 The Writer and Nature
ENVS 3410 Environmental Impact Assessment
ENVS 3430 Environmental Information Management 
ENVS 3440 The Environment and Human Health 
ENVS 4440 Environmental Policy
ENVS 4450 Natural Resource Management 
GEOG 1100 Global Perspectives on Land & Life 
GEOG 2200 Fundamentals of Human Geography 
GEOG 2315 The Oceans
GEOG 3304 Environmental Management 
GEOG 3329 Geographic Perspectives on Nature
GEOG 3454 Bay of Fundy: Environment and Issues 
GEOG 4414       Integrated Coastal Zone Management
GEOG 4434 Watershed Management
HIST 2201 Environmental History of Europe, 1300 - 1900
IDST 4470 Environment and Development
MGMT 3480 Ethical Responsibilities of Organizations
PHIL 2305 Environmental Ethics
POLI 2304 Canadian Politics in the 21st Century
POLI 2305 International Relations
POLI 2307 Provincial Government and Politics
POLI 3321 International Organization
POLI 3322 Global Political Economy
POLI 4493 Global Social Movements
PSYC 4418 Environmental Psychology
RELS 2347 Ecology and Religion
RELS 3348 Religion and Ecological Issues in the Developing World [IDST 3348]
SOCI 3391 Rural Sociology
SOCI 4419 Sociology of the Environment


Background/Techniques courses:

COMM 2293 Communication
COMM 3394 Oral Communication and Presentation Techniques
ECON 1202 Principles of Economics: Macro
ECON 3364 Cost Benefit Analysis
GSCI 1300 Introduction to Science Communication
GSCI 3300 Advanced Science Communication
MGMT 3392 Occupational Health & Safety
PHIL 2302 Ethics
PHIL 2318 Science and Society
PHIL 3448 Philosophy of Science
PSYC 1250 Social Behaviour 
PSYC 3309 Human Factors and Performance
PSYC 4497 Community Psychology
RELS 3349 Science & Religion
SOCI 3387 Women & Development [WMST 3387]
Any language courses, up to six (6) credit hours.

Group C

Environment Related Courses in the Natural Sciences

BIOL 2324         Ecology
BIOL 3002         Entomology
BIOL 2303         Plant Biology
BIOL 2304         Animal Biology
BIOL 3398         Microbiology
BIOL 3421         Plants and People
BIOL 4424         Diversity & Ecology of Fishes
BIOL 4003         Molecular Ecology
BIOL 3332         Ecosystems
BIOL 4404         Behavioural Ecology
BIOL 4410         Plant Ecology
BIOL 4422         Conservation Biology
BIOL 4430         Ornithology
BIOL 4431         Herpetology
BIOL 4433         Ecotoxicology
BIOL 4448         Biology Field Course
BIOL 4451         Ecology in the Tropics
CHEM 2332       Introductory Analytical Chemistry: Wet Methods
CHEM 2333       Introductory Analytical Chemistry: Instrumental Methods
CHEM 2344       Organic Chemistry I
CHEM 2345       Organic Chemistry II (note that CHEM 2344 and CHEM 2345 are recommended for CHEM/ENVS double majors)
CHEM 2346       Organic Chemistry for Life Sciences
CHEM 2373       Environmental Chemistry I
CHEM 3451       Introductory Biochemistry
CHEM 4452       Biochemistry: Intermediary Metabolism
ENVS 2100       Green Chemistry
ENVS 3310-3315  Field Course in Environmental Science
ENVS 3340      Principles of Hydrogeology 
ENVS 3410      Environmental Impact Assessment
ENVS 3420      Environmental Monitoring and Auditing 
ENVS 3430      Environmental Information Management 
ENVS 3630      Climate Change 
ENVS 3876-99 Directed Study in Environmental Science
ENVS 4430      Directed Research
ENVS 4450      Natural Resource Management 
ENVS 4460      Environmental Pattern Analysis and Modeling
ENVS 4470      Environmental Remediation and Restoration
ENVS 4480      Environmental Contaminants
ENVS 4876-99 Directed Study in Environmental Science
GEOG 2313       Geomorphology [GEOL 2373]
GEOG 2316       Map and Image Interpretation
GEOG 2333       Biogeography
GEOG 2336       Principles of Cartography
GEOG 2343       Weather & Climate
GEOG 3356       Remote Sensing of the Environment
GEOG 3366       Field Techniques and Research Methods
GEOG 3386       Concepts of Geographical Information Systems
GEOG 4413       Coastal Geomorphology [GEOL 4476]
GEOG 4423       Glaciers and Glaciation [GEOL 4475]
GEOG 4433       Fluvial Geomorphology
GEOG 4443       Natural Hazards
GEOG 4496       Applications in Geomatics
GEOL 1206       Global Change
GEOL 2301       Mineralogy
GEOL 2325       Sedimentology [GEOG 2325]
GEOL 3340       Principles of Hydrogeology
GEOL 3453       Principles of Geochemistry
GEOL 3454       Applied Geochemistry
PHYS 1000       Physics for Life Sciences I (credit is not offered for PHYS 1000 and PHYS 1001 if given for ENVS 1250)
PHYS 1001       Physics for Life Sciences II (credit is not offered for PHYS 1000 and PHYS 1001 if given for ENVS 1250)
PHYS 1100       University Physics I
PHYS 1101       University Physics II


Honours or Double Honours

Honours or Double Honours in Environmental Science For the Bachelor of Science (Honours) degree in Environmental Science, students must:

The following requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Science with Honours (or double honours with other subject) include those requirements listed in the Faculty of Science pages in this Calendar.
  • Fulfilment of the requirements for a major in Environmental Science, as outlined above;
  • Completion of ENVS 4599 Honours Research project, which counts as six (6) credit hours towards the required twelve (12) credit hours in Group C courses at the 4000-level;
  • Completion of at least one field course, ENVS 3310-15, which counts towards the twelve(12) credit hours in Group C courses;
  • A minimum DGPA of 3.00.

 

NOTE:

Students must secure a supervisor for their Honours Research Project (ENVS 4599) before applying to the honours program.


Minor in Environmental Science

Students may combine a minor in Environmental Science with a major in another discipline as part of a Bachelor of Science, Arts or Commerce.

Completion of the minor requires thirty (30) credit hours with a minimum grade of C in the following courses:

Nine (9) credit hours from:

  • ENVS 1200 Environmental Challenges
  • ENVS 1250 Physical Processes in the Environment 
  • ENVS 2310 Environmental Science: Energy, Resources & Pollution

 Nine (9) credit hours from:

Twelve (12) credit hours taken from the following courses and/or from ENVS courses not counted in meeting the above requirements:

  • CHEM 2373 Environmental Chemistry
  • ECON 3361 Fisheries Economics
  • ECON 3362 Natural Resource Economics
  • ECON 3363 Environmental Economics
  • ENGL 2318 The Writer and Nature
  • ENVS 4826–4849 Special Topics in Environmental Science
  • ENVS 4876-4899 Directed Studies in Environmental Science
  • GEOG 2200 Fundamentals of Human Geography 
  • GEOG 2315 The Oceans
  • GEOG 3304 Environmental Management 
  • GEOG 3454 Bay of Fundy: Environment and Issues 
  • GEOG 4414 Integrated Coastal Zone Management
  • GEOG 4433 Fluvial Geomorphology
  • GEOG 4434 Watershed Management
  • IDST 4470 Environment and Development
  • PHIL 2305 Environmental Ethics
  • PSYC 4418 Environmental Psychology
  • RELS 3348 Religion and Ecological Issues in the Developing World [IDST 3348]
  • SOCI 4419 Sociology of the Environment

NOTE:
For details on the Bachelor of Environmental Studies (BES) degree requirements in the Faculty of Arts, please refer to the BES calendar section