Geology (GEOL)

Geology (GEOL)

We are directly dependent on the Earth for our survival. Geology is the study of the Earth, its materials, the processes that affect its surface and interior, and the history of change that it has undergone. For students enrolled in the Bachelor of Science degree program with a Concentration, Major, or Honours in Geology, the Department offers a full program of courses. Many of these courses may also be taken by students majoring in other science subjects. A combined geology/geography program emphasizes environmental aspects of geology and a program combining geology and business studies emphasize the economic aspects of the Earth. In addition, a number of courses are offered for non-science students, emphasizing global aspects of geology, Earth history, and the interactions between the Earth and human society.

Science students interested in geology, including those who are planning to pursue the double majors and honours programs in geology, should take GEOL 1200 and GEOL 1201. This course provides a broad survey of the discipline, with practical experience provided through labs and field trips. Courses in mineralogy (GEOL 2301, GEOL 2302) and the history of life and sedimentary environments (GEOL 2323 and GEOL 2325) are also recommended as supporting science subjects for students majoring in other sciences.

GEOL 1202, 1203, 1206, 1207, 1208 and GEOL 1210 are designed chiefly for students in Commerce and Arts, including Atlantic Canada Studies. Of these, only GEOL 1206, 1207 and 1208 can be used as Science credits. In exceptional cases where a student has taken GEOL 1202 and GEOL 1203 (previously GEOL 204.0) with high standing, those courses may, with the permission of the Department, be accepted in the Geology Major or Honours program in lieu of GEOL 1200 and GEOL 1201.

Students in the Geology Major and Honours programs should seek the advice of the Department as to their elective and supporting courses. Year 4 students are encouraged to participate in the research projects being carried out in theDepartment. Under special circumstances, some prerequisites for 3000 and 4000-level courses may be waived with the permission of the Department.


1. Geology Major - Requirements

The requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Science with Major apply as listed in this Academic Calendar under the heading of Faculty of Science, Bachelor of Science – Major, in Section Three. The specific list of forty-eight (48) required credit hours in the Major subject used to satisfy 6(d) is provided below:

Mandatory thirty-nine (39) credit hours in core program courses:

GEOL 1200 Understanding the Earth
GEOL 1201 The Dynamic Earth
GEOL 2301 Mineralogy
GEOL 2302 Optical Mineralogy
GEOL 2305 Geophysics
GEOL 2325 Sedimentology
GEOL 3300 Field Methods
GEOL 3312 Igneous Petrology
GEOL 3313 Metamorphic Petrology
GEOL 3323 Paleontology: History of Life
GEOL 3326 Sedimentary Petrology and Stratigraphy
GEOL 3413 Structural Geology
GEOL 3453 Principles of Geochemistry

An additional three (3) credit hours, from the following list:

GEOL 4441 Mineral Resources
GEOL 4466 Petroleum Geology

An additional six (6) credit hours from the following:

GEOL 3305 Geomatics
GEOL 3340 Principles of Hydrogeology
GEOL 3410 Environmental Impact Assessment
GEOL 3454 Applied Geochemistry
GEOL 4300 Field Geology of Eastern Canada
GEOL 4400 International Field Camp
GEOL 4414 Tectonics
GEOL 4423 Advanced Paleontology
GEOL 4442 Economoc Geology Field School
GEOL 4450 Advanced Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
GEOL 4465 Advanced Sedimentology
GEOL 4800-4899 Special Topics and Directed Study

The suggested sequence of courses for years 1 and 2 is available online on the Faculty of Science website listings for Program Requirement Tables. Students should consult with a Science Advisor or the Department Chairperson for course selections and the suggested best sequence of courses for years 3 and 4.


2. Geology Major for Professional Registration Qualification

The Geoscience Profession Act was proclaimed in Nova Scotia in March 2003. This Act requires that one be a member in good standing of The Association of Professional Geoscientists of Nova Scotia (or another provincial counterpart) in order to work in geoscience-related fields in this province. For the 2014-2017 period, the requirements for professional registration are summarized by the Canadian Council of Professional Geoscientists (CCPG) at: geoscientistscanada.ca

Geology Major students who wish to qualify for professional registration should complete the following program which combines all elements of the GEOL Major plus those which satisfy the Canadian Council of Professional Geoscientists (CCPG) knowledge requirements.

Mandatory forty-five (45) credit hours in core program

GEOL 1200 Understanding the Earth 
GEOL 1201 The Dynamic Earth 
GEOL 2301 Mineralogy
GEOL 2302 Optical Mineralogy 
GEOL 2305 Geophysics
GEOL 2325 Sedimentology
GEOL 3300 Field Methods
GEOL 3312 Igneous Petrology 
GEOL 3313 Metamorphic Petrology
GEOL 3323 Paleontology: History of Life 
GEOL 3326 Sedimentary Petrology and Stratigraphy 
GEOL 3413 Structural Geology
GEOL 3453 Principles of Geochemistry
GEOL 4441 Mineral Resources 
GEOL 4466 Petroleum Geology

An additional fifteen (15) credit hours from the following:

GEOL 3305 Geomatics
GEOL 3340 Principles of Hydrogeology 
GEOL 3410 Environmental Impact Assessment 
GEOL 3454 Applied Geochemistry
GEOL 4300 Field Geology of Eastern Canada 
GEOL 4400 International Field Camp
GEOL 4414 Tectonics
GEOL 4423 Advanced Paleontology
GEOL 4442 Economic Geology Field School
GEOL 4450 Advanced Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
GEOL 4465 Advanced Sedimentology
GEOL 4550 Honours Project * (6 credit hours)
GEOL 4800-4899 Special Topics and Directed Study

*For students admitted to the honours program only.

Mandatory science foundation requirements:

Math 1250 Calculus for Life Sciences or MATH 1210 Introductory Calculus I; CHEM 1210 General Chemistry I; PHYS 1000 Physics for Life Sciences or PHYS 1210 University Physics I.

An additional eighteen (18) credit hours of foundational science courses in the following subject areas: MATH, PHYS, CHEM, CSCI, BIOL; with no more than six (6) credit hours in any one subject area, and at least three (3) credit hours in MATH or CSCI.

The suggested sequence of courses for years 1 and 2 is available online on the Faculty of Science website listings for Program Requirement Tables. Students should consult with a Science Advisor or the Department Chairperson for course selections and the suggested best sequence of courses for years 3 and 4.


2. Geology Honours - Requirements

The requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Science with honours apply as listed in this Academic Calendat under the heading of Faculty of Science, Bachelor of Science – Honours, in Section Three. The specific list of required credit hours used to satisfy 11 (a) include: 

  • Mandatory core courses for the Major;
  • GEOL 4550 (Students must secure a supervisor for the honours project before applying to the honours program);
  • Sufficient GEOL courses for a minimum of sixty (60) credit hours, of which only six (6) credit hours may be at the 1000-level.

3. Double Major and Double Honours - Requirements

Students may pursue a double major in Geology and another science subject, as outlined in Section Three of this Academic Calendar in the Faculty of Science pages.  Students may also pursue a double honours in Geology and another science sugject, as outlined in Section Three of this Calendar.

Students taking a double major are required to take at least thirty-six (36) credit hours in geology from the following list, and students taking a double honours are required to take at least forty-two (42) credit hours from the same list: ** The course listing that follows has three courses added to it: GEOL 3373 Geomorphology; GEOL 4300 Field Geology of Eastern Canada; and  GEOL 4400 International Field Camp:

GEOL 1200 Understanding the Earth 
GEOL 1201 The Dynamic Earth 
GEOL 2301 Mineralogy
GEOL 2302 Optical Mineralogy 
GEOL 2305 Geophysics
GEOL 2325 Sedimentology
GEOL 3300 Field Methods
GEOL 3305 Geomatics
GEOL 3312 Igneous Petrology 
GEOL 3313 Metamorphic Petrology
GEOL 3323 Paleontology: History of Life 
GEOL 3326 Sedimentary Petrology and Stratigraphy 
GEOL 3340 Principles of Hydrogeology 
GEOL 3373 Geomorphology

GEOL 3410 Environmental Impact Assessment 
GEOL 3413 Structural Geology
GEOL 3453 Principles of Geochemistry
GEOL 3454 Applied Geochemistry
GEOL 4300 Field Geology of Eastern Canada 
GEOL 4400 International Field Camp
GEOL 4414 Tectonics
GEOL 4423 Advanced Paleontology
GEOL 4441 Mineral Resources 
GEOL 4442 Economic Geology Field School
GEOL 4450 Advanced Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
GEOL 4465 Advanced Sedimentology
GEOL 4466 Petroleum Geology
GEOL 4475 Glaciers and Glaciation


4. Geology/Geography Combined Programs

a. Geology/Geography Major Program (Bachelor of Science)

i. At least thirty-six (36) credit hours from the list of geology courses under ‘Double Major and Honours’, above.

ii. At least thirty-six (36) geography credit hours including:

GEOG 1100 Global Perspectives on Land and Life 
GEOG 1200 People, Place and Environment 
GEOG 2306 Geospatial Concepts 
GEOG 2316 Map and Image Interpretation
GEOG 2325 Sedimentology
GEOG 2313 Geomorphology [GEOL 2373]
GEOG 2386 Introduction to Mapping and GIS 

iii At least twelve (12) credit hours from:

GEOG 2315 The Oceans
GEOG 2333 Biogeography
GEOG 2343 Weather and Climate 
GEOG 4413 Coastal Geomorphology 
GEOG 4423 Glaciers and Glaciation 
GEOG 4433 Fluvial Geomorphology
GEOG 4443 Natural Hazards

Six (6) additional credit hours in geography from Group B or C courses.

b. Geology/Geography Honours Program (Bachelor of Science: Honours)

In addition to the above requirements, Honours students must complete:

i. GEOL 4550 Honours Project or GEOG 4526 Honours Research Project;
ii. six (6) additional credit hours in geology from the list of geology courses under “Double Major and Honours” above; and
iii. GEOG 4406 Seminar in Theoretical Geography and GEOG 4416 Seminar in Applied Geography.

 

In the Honours Bachelor of Science geology/geography program, topics for Honours projects should be approved by both Departments and may be carried out in either Department.


5. Geology/Business Studies Combined Programs

The Department of Geology and the Sobey School of Business offer a double Major/Honours science degree combining a major/Honours program in geology with a major program of business studies in the Sobey School of Business.

 

This program offers Bachelor of Science major and Bachelor of Science Honours degrees, under the general requirements of the Faculty of Science. For a combined major degree, students will be required to take a minimum of forty-two (42) credit hours in the Faculty of Commerce in addition to at least thirty-six (36) credit hours in geology. In the Honours program, a thesis on a field interrelating the two disciplines will be required. Students enrolled in the combined geology/business studies major/Honours may also pursue a co-op option in this dual program. The program appeals to geology students with an interest in the business-related aspects of their major. The geology/business studies major program requires a minimum grade point average (GPA) of 2.20 in all Geology and commerce courses while the geology/business studies Honours program requires (a) a minimum grade of C in all geology and commerce courses; and (b) a minimum GPA of 3.00 in these same courses.

 

The following courses are required for the Geology/Business Studies Major (B.Sc.)

a. Commerce Faculty Requirements [total of forty- two (42) credit hours)]

ACCT 2241 Introductory Accounting I 
ACCT 2242 Introductory Accounting II 
ACCT 3332 Planning and Control
CMLW 2201 Legal Aspects of Business  
COMM 2293 Communications 
ECON 1201 Principles of Economics: Micro 
ECON 1202 Principles of Economics: Macro 
FINA 2360 Business Finance I
FINA 3361 Business Finance II
MGMT 1281 Introduction to Business Management 
MGMT 2383 Micro Organizational Behaviour
MGMT 2384 Macro Organizational Behaviour 
MGMT 4489 Strategic Management 
MKTG 2270 Introduction to Marketing

b. Geology Requirements - at least thirty-six (36) credit hours from:

GEOL 1200 Understanding the Earth 
GEOL 1201 The Dynamic Earth 
GEOL 1208 Environmental Geology
GEOL 2301 Mineralogy
GEOL 2302 Optical Mineralogy 
GEOL 2305 Geophysics
GEOL 2325 Sedimentology
GEOL 3373 Geomorphology
GEOL 3300 Field Methods
GEOL 3305 Geomatics
GEOL 3312 Igneous Petrology 
GEOL 3313 Metamorphic Petrology
GEOL 3323 Paleontology: History of Life 
GEOL 3340 Principles of Hydrogeology
 Geomorphology 

GEOL 3410 Environmental Impact Assessment 
GEOL 3413 Structural Geology
GEOL 3453 Principles of Geochemistry
GEOL 3454 Applied Geochemistry
GEOL 4300 Field Geology of Eastern Canada 
GEOL 4400 International Field Camp
GEOL 4414 Tectonics
GEOL 4423 Advanced Paleontology
GEOL 4441 Mineral Resources 
GEOL 4442 Economic Geology Field School
GEOL 4450 Advanced Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
GEOL 4465 Advanced Sedimentology
GEOL 4466 Petroleum Geology
GEOL 4475 Glaciers and Glaciation

c. Other Requirements

i. ENGL 1205 and three (3) credit hours in humanities.
ii. MATH requirement (see Faculty of Science regulations, Section 3 of this Academic Calendar).
iii. twelve (12) credit hours in science other than Geology, e.g., Biology, Psychology, Chemistry, Physics, and Mathematics excluding BIOL 3308.
iv. three (3) credit hours in statistics that covers probability theory including MATH 1216, MGSC 2207, GEOG 3326, BIOL 3308 and ECON 3303.
v. six (6) credit hours from Faculty of Arts offering including GEOG 3326 and ECON 3303.
vi. nine (9) credit hours in electives from any Faculty.

Notes:
(i) Students must take FINA 2361, MKTG 2270 and MGMT 2384 before registering for MGMT 4489. The other prerequisites for this course are waived for students in this combined program.
(ii) Students must register no later than the beginning of Year 2 in the science program and will be under the general requirements of the Faculty of Science.

In addition to the above requirements, Geology/Business Studies Honours students must complete GEOL 4550 Honours Project as one of the Geology requirements.


6. Cooperative Education Programs

a. Cooperative Education in Geology

This program, which is available at both the major and Honours level, integrates on-the-job experience and academic studies. Upon completion of one of the Cooperative Education programs, the student receives the Bachelor of Science degree in geology, at the major or Honours level, with the added qualification of “Cooperative Education”.

Further details and regulations on the Cooperative Education program are found in the Faculty of Science listing in Section 3 of this Calendar.

b. Combined Cooperative Education in Geology/Geography
The students enrolled in the combined geology/geography major/Honours may also pursue a Co-op option in this dual program. Application to and completion of this combined option is the same as those for other Science Co-op major programs.

Further details and regulations on the Cooperative Education program are found in the Faculty of Science listing in Section 3 of this Calendar.

c. Combined Cooperative Education Program in General Business Studies/Geology
The students enrolled in the combined geology/business studies major/Honours programs may pursue a Co-op option in these dual programs. Applications to and
completion of this combined option is the same as those for other Science Co-op major/Honours programs.


7. Minor in Geology - Requirements

It is possible to combine a minor in Geology with a major in another discipline within or outside the Faculty of Science. To obtain a minor in Geology, students must complete thirty (30) credit hours in GEOL courses, according to 9(b) in Section Three of this Calendar, including GEOL 1200 and GEOL 1201, with no more than twelve (12) credit hours at the 1000-level.


 

Concentration in Geology – Requirements:

Students may choose to obtain a B.Sc. General with a Concentration in Geology, according to the requirements detailed in Section Three of this Calendar. Students must complete thirty (30) credit hours in GEOL courses with no more than twelve (12) credit hours at the 1000-level.