Geology (GEOL)

Geology (GEOL)

We are directly dependent on the Earth for our survival. Geology is the study of the Earth, its materials, the processes that affect its surface and interior, and the history of change that it has undergone. For students enrolled in the Bachelor of Science degree program with a Concentration, Major, or Honours in Geology, the Department offers a full program of courses. Many of these courses may also be taken by students majoring in other science subjects. A combined geology/geography program emphasizes environmental aspects of geology and a program combining geology and business studies emphasize the economic aspects of the Earth. In addition, a number of courses are offered for non-science students, emphasizing global aspects of geology, Earth history, and the interactions between the Earth and human society.

Science students interested in geology, including those who are planning to pursue the double majors and honours programs in geology, should take GEOL 1200 and GEOL 1201. This course provides a broad survey of the discipline, with practical experience provided through labs and field trips. Courses in mineralogy (GEOL 2301, GEOL 2302) and the history of life and sedimentary environments (GEOL 2323 and GEOL 2325) are also recommended as supporting science subjects for students majoring in other sciences.

GEOL 1202, 1203, 1206, 1207, 1208 and GEOL 1210 are designed chiefly for students in Commerce and Arts, including Atlantic Canada Studies. Of these, only GEOL 1206, 1207 and 1208 can be used as Science credits. In exceptional cases where a student has taken GEOL 1202 and GEOL 1203 (previously GEOL 204.0) with high standing, those courses may, with the permission of the Department, be accepted in the Geology Major or Honours program in lieu of GEOL 1200 and GEOL 1201.

Students in the Geology Major and Honours programs should seek the advice of the Department as to their elective and supporting courses. Year 4 students are encouraged to participate in the research projects being carried out in theDepartment. Under special circumstances, some prerequisites for 3000 and 4000-level courses may be waived with the permission of the Department.


1. Geology Major

Geology Major students must fulfill the academic requirements for a Bachelor of Science as defined in item 6 of the Faculty of Science pages of this Academic Calendar. The following GEOL courses satisfy the Faculty of Science requirement 6d for credit hours in the major subject:

Mandatory thirty-nine (39) credit hours in core program courses:

GEOL 1200 Understanding the Earth
GEOL 1201 The Dynamic Earth
GEOL 2301 Mineralogy
GEOL 2302 Optical Mineralogy
GEOL 2305 Geophysics
GEOL 2325 Sedimentology
GEOL 3300 Field Methods
GEOL 3312 Igneous Petrology
GEOL 3313 Metamorphic Petrology
GEOL 3323 Paleontology: History of Life
GEOL 3326 Sedimentary Petrology and Stratigraphy
GEOL 3413 Structural Geology
GEOL 3453 Principles of Geochemistry

An additional three (3) credit hours, (one (1) course) from the following list:

GEOL 4441 Mineral Resources
GEOL 4466 Petroleum Geology

An additional six (6) credit hours (two (2) courses) from the following (including the above list):

GEOL 3305 Geomatics
GEOL 3340 Principles of Hydrogeology
GEOL 3410 Environmental Impact Assessment
GEOL 3454 Applied Geochemistry
GEOL 4300 Field Geology of Eastern Canada
GEOL 4400 International Field Camp
GEOL 4414 Tectonics
GEOL 4423 Advanced Paleontology
GEOL 4450 Advanced Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
GEOL 4465 Advanced Sedimentology
GEOL 4800-4899 Special Topics and Directed Study

The following is a suggested sequence of the required courses for years 1 and 2:

Year 1

  1. GEOL 1200 and GEOL 1201
  2. MATH 1250
  3. MATH 1251; or CSCI 1226 and 1227
  4. PHYS 1000
  5. CHEM 1210
  6. ENGL 1205 and three (3) credit hours in Humanities
  7. Six (6) credit hours in Arts electives

Year 2

  1. GEOL 2301 and GEOL 2302
  2. GEOL 2325
  3. GEOL 2305
  4. Six (6) credit hours in 3000 or 4000 level GEOL courses with lab
  5. Six (6) credit hours in Arts electives
  6. Six (6) credit hours in non-GEOL other science courses (MATH, CHEM, PHYS, BIOL recommended)

For subsequent years, students should consult the Department Chairperson.


2. Geology Major for Professional Registration Qualification

The Geoscience Profession Act was proclaimed in Nova Scotia in March 2003. This Act requires that one be a member in good standing of The Association of Professional Geoscientists of Nova Scotia (or another provincial counterpart) in order to work in geoscience- related fields in this province. For the 2014-2017 period, the requirements for professional registration are summarized by the Canadian Council of Professional Geoscientists (CCPG) at: www.ccpg.ca/pgeoreg/en/Documents/4214%20CCPG%20 Requirements%20Booklet%20Web.pdf

Geology Major students who wish to qualify for professional registration should complete the following program which combines all elements of the GEOL Major plus those which satisfy the Canadian Council of Professional Geoscientists (CCPG) knowledge requirements.

Mandatory forty-five (45) credit hours in core program

GEOL 1200 Understanding the Earth 
GEOL 1201 The Dynamic Earth 
GEOL 2301 Mineralogy
GEOL 2302 Optical Mineralogy 
GEOL 2305 Geophysics
GEOL 2325 Sedimentology
GEOL 3300 Field Methods
GEOL 3312 Igneous Petrology 
GEOL 3313 Metamorphic Petrology
GEOL 3323 Paleontology: History of Life 
GEOL 3326 Sedimentary Petrology and Stratigraphy 
GEOL 3413 Structural Geology
GEOL 3453 Principles of Geochemistry
GEOL 4441 Mineral Resources 
GEOL 4466 Petroleum Geology

An additional fifteen (15) credit hours (five (5) courses) from the following (including the above list):

GEOL 3305 Geomatics
GEOL 3340 Principles of Hydrogeology 
GEOL 3410 Environmental Impact Assessment 
GEOL 3454 Applied Geochemistry
GEOL 4300 Field Geology of Eastern Canada 
GEOL 4400 International Field Camp
GEOL 4414 Tectonics
GEOL 4423 Advanced Paleontology
GEOL 4450 Advanced Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
GEOL 4465 Advanced Sedimentology
GEOL 4550 Honours Project * (6 credit hours)
GEOL 4800-4899 Special Topics and Directed Study

*For students admitted to the honours program only.

In addition to the Year 1 MATH or CSCI, PHYS, and CHEM requriements (below), at least eighteen (18) credit hours (six (6) courses) of additional foundation science courses are required in the following subject areas, with no more than six (6) credit hours (two (2) courses) per subject area in each of MATH*, PHYS, CHEM, CSCI** and BIOL.

* Note: Only one course from MATH subject area if MATH 1250 and 1251 are used to satisfy B.Sc. requirement 6b or 12d.
** Note: No courses from CSCI subject if CSCI 1226 and 1227 are used to satisfy B.Sc. requirement 6b or 12d.


2. Geology Honours

The Honours program requires GEOL 4550 in addition to the core courses for majors, supplemented by sufficient geology courses for a minimum of sixty (60) credit hours, of which only six (6) credit hours (two courses) may be at the 1000 level. Students must secure a supervisor for the honours project (GEOL 4550) before applying to the honours program.


3. Double Major and Double Honours

Students may pursue a double major in geology and another science subject, as outlined in Section 3 of this Calendar in the Faculty of Science pages. Students may also pursue a double honours in geology and another science sugject, as outlined in Section 12d of the Faculty of Science pages of this Calendar.

Students taking a double major are required to take at least thirty-six (36) credit hours in geology from the following list, and students taking a double honours are required to take at least forty-two (42) credit hours from the same list:

GEOL 1200 Understanding the Earth 
GEOL 1201 The Dynamic Earth 
GEOL 2301 Mineralogy
GEOL 2302 Optical Mineralogy 
GEOL 2305 Geophysics
GEOL 2325 Sedimentology
GEOL 2373 Geomorphology
GEOL 3300 Field Methods
GEOL 3305 Geomatics
GEOL 3312 Igneous Petrology 
GEOL 3313 Metamorphic Petrology
GEOL 3323 Paleontology: History of Life 
GEOL 3326 Sedimentary Petrology and Stratigraphy 
GEOL 3340 Principles of Hydrogeology 
GEOL 3410 Environmental Impact Assessment 
GEOL 3413 Structural Geology
GEOL 3453 Principles of Geochemistry
GEOL 3454 Applied Geochemistry
GEOL 4300 Field Geology of Eastern Canada 
GEOL 4400 International Field Camp
GEOL 4414 Tectonics
GEOL 4423 Advanced Paleontology
GEOL 4441 Mineral Resources 
GEOL 4450 Advanced Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
GEOL 4465 Advanced Sedimentology
GEOL 4466 Petroleum Geology
GEOL 4475 Glaciers amd Glaciation


4. Geology/Geography Combined Programs

a. Geology/Geography Major Program (Bachelor of Science)

i. At least thirty-six (36) credit hours from the list of geology courses under ‘Double Major and Honours’, above.

ii. At least thirty-six (36) geography credit hours including:

GEOG 1100 Global Perspectives on Land and Life 
GEOG 1200 People, Place and Environment 
GEOG 2306 Geospatial Concepts 
GEOG 2313 Geomorphology
GEOG 2325 Sedimentology
GEOG 2386 Introduction to Mapping and GIS 

iii At least twelve (12) credit hours from:

GEOG 2315 The Oceans
GEOG 2333 Biogeography
GEOG 2343 Weather and Climate 
GEOG 3433 Fluvial Geomorphology 
GEOG 4413 Coastal Geomorphology 
GEOG 4423 Glaciers and Glaciation 
GEOG 4443 Natural Hazards

Six (6) additional credit hours in geography from Group B or C courses.

b. Geology/Geography Honours Program (Bachelor of Science: Honours)

In addition to the above requirements, Honours students must complete:

i. GEOL 4550 Honours Project or GEOG 4526 Honours Research Project;
ii. six (6) additional credit hours in geology from the list of geology courses under “Double Major and Honours” above; and
iii. GEOG 4406 Capstone Seminar in Geography.

In the Honours Bachelor of Science geology/geography program, topics for Honours projects should be approved by both Departments and may be carried out in either Department.


5. Geology/Business Studies Combined Programs

The Department of Geology and the Faculty of Commerce offer a double major/Honours science degree combining a major/Honours program in geology with a major program of business studies in the Faculty of Commerce.

This program offers Bachelor of Science major and Bachelor of Science Honours degrees, under the general requirements of the Faculty of Science. For a combined major degree, students will be required to take a minimum of forty-two (42) credit hours in the Faculty of Commerce in addition to at least thirty-six (36) credit hours in geology. In the Honours program, a thesis on a field interrelating the two disciplines will be required. Students enrolled in the combined geology/business studies major/Honours may also pursue a co-op option in this dual program. The program appeals to geology students with an interest in the business-related aspects of their major. The geology/business studies major program requires a minimum grade of C in all geology and commerce courses while the geology/business studies Honours program requires (a) a minimum grade of C in all geology and commerce courses; and (b) a minimum GPAof 3.00 in these same courses.

The following courses are required for the Geology/Business Studies Major (B.Sc.)

a. Commerce Faculty Requirements [total of forty- two (42) credit hours)]

ACCT 2241 Introductory Accounting I 
ACCT 2242 Introductory Accounting II 
ACCT 3332 Planning and Control
CMLW 2201 Legal Aspects of Business - Part I 
COMM 2293 Managerial Communications 
ECON 1201 Principles of Economics: Micro 
ECON 1202 Principles of Economics: Macro 
FINA 2360 Business Finance I
FINA 3361 Business Finance II
MGMT 1281 Introduction to Business Management 
MGMT 2383 Organizational Behaviour I
MGMT 2384 Organizational Behaviour II 
MGMT 4489 Strategic Management 
MKTG 2270 Introduction to Marketing

b. Geology Requirements - at least thirty-six (36) credit hours from:

GEOL 1200 Understanding the Earth 
GEOL 1201 The Dynamic Earth 
GEOL 1208 Environmental Geology
GEOL 2301 Mineralogy
GEOL 2302 Optical Mineralogy 
GEOL 2305 Geophysics
GEOL 2325 Sedimentology
GEOL 2373 Geomorphology
GEOL 3300 Field Methods
GEOL 3305 Geomatics
GEOL 3312 Igneous Petrology 
GEOL 3313 Metamorphic Petrology
GEOL 3323 Paleontology: History of Life 
 GEOL 3340 Principles of Hydrogeology 
GEOL 3410 Environmental Impact Assessment 
GEOL 3413 Structural Geology
GEOL 3453 Principles of Geochemistry
GEOL 3454 Applied Geochemistry
GEOL 4300 Field Geology of Eastern Canada 
GEOL 4400 International Field Camp
GEOL 4414 Tectonics
GEOL 4423 Advanced Paleontology
GEOL 4441 Mineral Resources 
GEOL 4450 Advanced Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
GEOL 4465 Advanced Sedimentology
GEOL 4466 Petroleum Geology
GEOL 4475 Glaciers amd Glaciation

c. Other Requirements

i. ENGL 1205 and three (3) credit hours in humanities.
ii. MATH requirement (see Faculty of Science regulations, Section 3 of this Academic Calendar).
iii. twelve (12) credit hours in science other than Geology, e.g., Biology, Psychology, Chemistry, Physics, and Mathematics excluding MATH 1207, and BIOL 2308.
iv. three (3) credit hours in statistics that covers probability theory including MATH 1216, MGSC 2207, GEOG 3326, BIOL 3308 and ECON 3303.
v. six (6) credit hours from Faculty of Arts offering including GEOG 3326 and ECON 3303.
vi. nine (9) credit hours in electives from any Faculty.

Notes:
(i) Students must take FINA 2361, MKTG 2270 and MGMT 2384 before registering for MGMT 4489. The other prerequisites for this course are waived for students in this combined program.
(ii) Students must register no later than the beginning of Year 2 in the science program and will be under the general requirements of the Faculty of Science.

In addition to the above requirements, Geology/Business Studies Honours students must complete GEOL 4550 Honours Project as one of the Geology requirements.


6. Cooperative Education Programs

a. Cooperative Education in Geology

This program, which is available at both the major and Honours level, integrates on-the-job experience and academic studies. Upon completion of one of the Cooperative Education programs, the student receives the Bachelor of Science degree in geology, at the major or Honours level, with the added qualification of “Cooperative Education”.

Further details and regulations on the Cooperative Education program are found in the Faculty of Science listing in Section 3 of this Calendar.

b. Combined Cooperative Education in Geology/Geography
The students enrolled in the combined geology/geography major/Honours may also pursue a Co-op option in this dual program. Application to and completion of this combined option is the same as those for other Science Co-op major programs.

Further details and regulations on the Cooperative Education program are found in the Faculty of Science listing in Section 3 of this Calendar.

c. Combined Cooperative Education Program in General Business Studies/Geology
The students enrolled in the combined geology/business studies major/Honours programs may pursue a Co-op option in these dual programs. Applications to and
completion of this combined option is the same as those for other Science Co-op major/Honours programs.


7. Minor in Geology

It is possible to combine a minor in Geology with a major in another discipline within or outside the Faculty of Science. A minor in Geology requires thirty (30) credit hours, including GEOL 1200 and GEOL 1201; no more than twelve (12) credit hours below the 2000-level can be counted toward the minor in Geology.