Geography (GEOG)

Geography (GEOG)

General Information

Geography is the study of the Earth’s surface, and of the spatial distribution and patterns of its physical and human characteristics.  Geographers study how nature and culture work to create distinct spaces, places, landscapes, and regions.  Geography is a subject of practical importance in such fields as urban and regional planning, industrial location, marketing, resource development, environmental monitoring and management, and geomatics.  It is possible to obtain a major or honours in geography in either a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree program.

Departmental Policy

1.            The Department regards 1000-level courses as both service courses for the university in general and basic introductory courses for geography majors.

2.            Because program changes occur from time to time with renumbered or restructured courses, students are advised that they are not eligible to take a course for credit if they already have a credit for a comparable course, even if that course was taken at a different level or under a different number.

3.            Majors and honours students should normally complete GEOG 2306 and GEOG 2356 before the end of their second year or, in the case of part-time students, before proceeding to other upper level courses.

4.            All declared majors and honours students are assigned a faculty advisor with whom they should consult each year to review their progress and course selection.

5.            The Department of Geography and Environmental Studies recognizes the importance of developing student's communication skills in preparation for participating in the work force and/or continuing their education at an advanced level.  Therefore, in addition to addressing geographical content, the Department is committed to improving the written and oral communication skills of students in Geography courses by including evaluation of these communication skills in course work. The Department asks that, in written work submitted for grading, students follow the Style Guide for Geographers available through the Department web site or from the Department Secretary.

6.            Geography courses are divided into four groups:

Group A -human geography courses;
Group B -physical geography courses;
Group C -techniques or methods courses;
Group D -integrative courses which may combine aspects of human geography, physical geography or techniques.

 Depending on the degree program, Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science, the required courses from each group vary.  The group to which each course belongs is shown beside each course’s title.


General Requirements for a Major

Geography is both a social science as well as a natural science.  Students may major in geography and obtain a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree.  In either case forty-eight (48) geography credit hours are required. Not only must students meet the geography requirements to qualify for a major in geography in either a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree, they must also meet individual Faculty requirements to qualify for the degree (see relevant sections of the Calendar).  Students in the Faculty of Arts must maintain a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.00 (an average grade of C) in courses used to meet the minimum credit requirements for the major.  Students in the Faculty of Science must obtain a minimum GPA of 2.2 in all of those courses used to satisy the major subject area. 

 Requirements for a Major in Bachelor of Arts Degree

Forty-eight (48) credit-hours

i.      GEOG 1100 and GEOG 1200;
ii.     GEOG 2306, GEOG 2356 and GEOG 2386;
iii.    Three (3) credit-hours from GEOG 3326, GEOG 3356, GEOG 3386 or GEOG 3416;
iv.    Nine (9) credit-hours in GEOG at the 4000-level; and
v.     Twenty-one (21) credit-hours in GEOG.

Note: In addition to the eighteen (18) credit hours defined in (i), (ii) and (iii), the thirty (30) additional credit hours in GEOG may be taken from any group (A, B, C, D).  After the student attains forty-eight (48) credit hours in GEOG, only Group A, C, and D courses count towards the Faculty of Arts regulation for Major and Honours students to complete “sixty-six (66) credit-hours in Arts subjects at the 2000-level or above” (Faculty of Arts Regulation 1a). Additional Group B courses could be taken as electives.

Requirements for a Major in Bachelor of Science Degree

Forty-Eight (48) credit-hours

i.      GEOG 1100 and GEOG 1200;
ii.     GEOG 2306GEOG 2356 and GEOG 2386;
iii.    Three (3) credit-hours from GEOG 3326GEOG 3356GEOG 3386 or GEOG 3416;
iv.     At least eighteen (18) other credit-hours from Group B courses, of which at least three (3) credit-hours must be at the 4000-level;
v.     Twelve (12) other credit-hours in GEOG; and
vi.    A total of nine (9) credit-hours must be at the 4000-level in GEOG Group B, C, or D.

Note:  After the student has attained the required forty-eight (48) credit hours in GEOG, any additional GEOG credits would be taken as free electives in the Faculty of Science.

 

Requirements for  Geology/Geography Combined Programs

Requirements for the Major and honours Geology/Geography Combined Programs are found in the Geology section of the calendar.


 

Requirements for Geography Major in a Bachelor of Arts Degree with a Minor in Geology

1.            A Bachelor of Arts degree student may major in geography with a minor in geology by fulfilling the requirements for a minor as listed in the Geology section of the Academic Calendar.
2.            Students accepted into the Geology minor program will be allowed to count twenty-four (24) credit-hours in Geology towards their Arts degree requirements.


Requirements for a Double Major in Geography and a science other than Geology in a Bachelor of Science Degree.

Thirty-six (36) credit-hours:
i.      GEOG 1100 and GEOG 1200;
ii      GEOG 2306, GEOG 2356 and GEOG 2386;
iii     Three (3) credit-hours from GEOG 3326, GEOG 3356, GEOG 3386 or GEOG 3416;
iv.    Fifteen (15) other credit-hours from GEOG Group B courses, of which at least three (3) credit-hours must be at the 4000-level;
v.     Three (3) other credit-hours at the 4000 level in GEOG Group B, C or D.
vi.    A total of six (6) credit-hours must be at the 4000-level in GEOG Group B, C or D.
Note: After the student has attained the required thirty-six (36) credit hours in GEOG, any additional GEOG credits would be taken as free electives in the Faculty of Science


Concentration in GEOG Requirements

 

Requirements for a Concentration in Bachelor of Arts Degree

Twenty-four (24) credit-hours

i.     GEOG 1100, GEOG 1200 and GEOG 2306
ii.    GEOG 2356 or GEOG 2386
iii.   Twelve (12) other credit-hours in GEOG.

Requirements for a Concentration in Bachelor of Science Degree

Thirty (30) credit-hours

i.     GEOG 1100GEOG 1200 and GEOG 2306
ii.    GEOG 2356 or GEOG 2386
iii.    Three (3) credit-hours from GEOG 2313, GEOG 2333 or GEOG 2343
iv.    Nine (9) credit-hours from Group B or C courses
v.     Six (6) other credit-hours in GEOG

Honours Program

1.            Depending on whether the student is undertaking a Bachelor of Arts or a Bachelor of Science degree, the regulations of the respective Faculty apply to admission, continuance and graduation from the honours program.
2.            To be admitted to the honours program, a student must have at least a B standing in geography courses and have obtained satisfactory grades in non-geography courses.  Possession of the minimum requirements does not establish the right of an applicant to be admitted, or readmitted, to the program.
3.            Each year students should seek advice on their program of courses from the Honours Program Coordinator.
4.            Students admitted to the program are responsible for finding a member of the Department to act as their Honours supervisor.
5.            Complete details regarding the Honours Thesis  are contained in Regulations for the Honours Thesis (Geography 4526) available from the Departmental secretary.
6.            Besides meeting the respective Faculty credit hours and grade level requirements, students must complete a total of seventy-two (72) credit hours in geography to qualify for graduation with honours. 

Requirements for Honours in a Bachelor of Arts Degree

Seventy-two (72) credit-hours

i.     GEOG 1100 and GEOG 1200
ii.    GEOG 2306, GEOG 2356 and GEOG 2386
iii.   GEOG 3326 or GEOG 3416
iv.   GEOG 3356 or GEOG 3386
v.    GEOG 3004 and GEOG 4406
vi.   GEOG 4526
vii.  Thirty-nine (39) other GEOG credit hours from any group of which at least six (6) credit hours must be at the 4000-level

Requirements for Honours in a Bachelor of Science Degree

Seventy-two (72) credit-hours

i.     GEOG 1100 and GEOG 1200
ii.    GEOG 2306GEOG 2356 and GEOG 2386
iii.   GEOG 3326 or GEOG 3416
iv.   GEOG 3356 or GEOG 3386
v.    Three (3) credit hours from Group B at the 4000 level
vi.   At least fifteen (15) other credit-hours from Group B courses
vii.   GEOG 3004 and GEOG 4406viii.  GEOG 4526
ix.    Three(3) credit hours in GEOG at the 4000 level
x.     Eighteen(18) other credit-hours in GEOG


Minor Program in Geography

Requirements for Minor in a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Commerce Degree

Twenty-four (24) credit-hours

i.     GEOG 1100GEOG 1200and GEOG 2306
ii.    GEOG 2356 or GEOG 2386
iii.   Twelve (12) other credit-hours in GEOG.

Requirements for Minor in Geography in a Bachelor of Environmental Studies Degree
Twenty-four (24) credit hours

  1. GEOG 1100 and 1200
  2. GEOG 2306, 2356  and 2386
  3. GEOG 3356 or GEOG 3386
  4. Six (6) other credit hours in GEOG, which may only be counted as approved B.E.S. electives or free electives in fulfillment of the B.E.S. degree requirements.

Requirements for Minor in a Bachelor of Science Degree

Thirty (30) credit-hours

i.     GEOG 1100GEOG 1200 and GEOG 2306
ii.    GEOG 2356 or GEOG 2386
iii.    Three (3) credit-hours from GEOG 2313GEOG 2333 or GEOG 2343
iv.    Nine (9) other credit hours from Group B or C course
v.     Six (6) other credit hours in GEOG

In addition to the programs cited above, information on graduate courses, may be found in the Graduate Academic Calendar.